NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Acrolein CAS 107-02-8
CH2=CHCHO RTECS AS1050000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Acraldehyde, Acrylaldehyde, Acrylic aldehyde, Allyl aldehyde, Propenal, 2-Propenal
DOT ID & Guide
1092 131P (inhibited)
Exposure
Limits
NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.25 mg/m3) ST 0.3 ppm (0.8 mg/m3) See Appendix C (Aldehydes)
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.25 mg/m3)
IDLH 2 ppm Conversion 1 ppm = 2.29 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless or yellow liquid with a piercing, disagreeable odor.
MW: 56.1
BP: 127°F
FRZ: -126°F
Sol: 40%
VP: 210 mmHg
IP: 10.13 eV

Sp.Gr: 0.84
Fl.P: -15°F
UEL: 31%
LEL: 2.8%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, acids, alkalis, ammonia, amines [Note: Polymerizes readily unless inhibited--usually with hydroquinone. May form shock-sensitive peroxides over time.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2501; OSHA 52
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
Up to 2 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; decreased pulmonary function; delayed pulmonary edema; chronic respiratory disease
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, heart
See also: INTRODUCTION