NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Chloroacetaldehyde CAS 107-20-0
ClCH2CHO RTECS AB2450000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Chloroacetaldehyde (40% aqueous solution), 2-Chloroacetaldehyde, 2-Chloroethanal
DOT ID & Guide
2232 153
Exposure
Limits
NIOSH REL: C 1 ppm (3 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL: C 1 ppm (3 mg/m3)
IDLH 45 ppm Conversion 1 ppm = 3.21 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with an acrid, penetrating odor. [Note: Typically found as a 40% aqueous solution.]
MW: 78.5
BP: 186°F
FRZ: -3°F (40% solution)
Sol: Miscible
VP: 100 mmHg
IP: 10.61 eV

Sp.Gr: 1.19 (40% solution)
Fl.P: 190°F (40% solution)
UEL: ?
LEL: ?

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2015; OSHA 76
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
Up to 10 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 25 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
Up to 45 ppm: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation skin, eyes, mucous membrane; skin burns; eye damage; pulmonary edema; skin, respiratory system sensitization
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system
See also: INTRODUCTION