NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Dimethylamine CAS 124-40-3
(CH3)2NH RTECS IP8750000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Dimethylamine (anhydrous), N-Methylmethanamine
DOT ID & Guide
1032 118 (anhydrous)
1160 129 (solution)
NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (18 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (18 mg/m3)
IDLH 500 ppm Conversion 1 ppm = 1.85 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless gas with an ammonia- or fish-like odor. [Note: A liquid below 44°F. Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
MW: 45.1
BP: 44°F
FRZ: -134°F
Sol(140°F): 24%
VP: 1.7 atm
IP: 8.24 eV
RGasD: 1.56
Sp.Gr: 0.67 (Liquid at 44°F)
Fl.P: NA (Gas) 20°F (Liquid)
UEL: 14.4%
LEL: 2.8%

Flammable Gas Class IA Flammable Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, chlorine, mercury, acraldehyde, fluorides, maleic anhydride, aluminum, brass, copper, zinc
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2010; OSHA 34
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact (liquid)/Frostbite
Eyes: Prevent eye contact (liquid)/Frostbite
Wash skin: When contaminated (liquid)
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash (liquid), Quick drench (liquid), Frostbite
First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately (liquid)/Frostbite
Skin: Water flush immediately (liquid)/Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Irritation nose, throat; sneezing, cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty); pulmonary edema; conjunctivitis; dermatitis; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system