NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Kerosene CAS 8008-20-6

RTECS OA5500000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Fuel Oil No. 1, Range oil [Note: A refined petroleum solvent (predominantly C9-C16), which typically is 25% normal paraffins, 11% branched paraffins, 30% monocycloparaffins, 12% dicycloparaffins, 1% tricycloparaffins, 16% mononuclear aromatics & 5% dinuclear aromatics.]
DOT ID & Guide
1223 128
Exposure
Limits
NIOSH REL: TWA 100 mg/m3
OSHA PEL: none
IDLH N.D. Conversion
Physical Description
Colorless to yellowish, oily liquid with a strong, characteristic odor.
MW: 170 (approx)
BP: 347-617°F
FRZ: -50°F
Sol: Insoluble
VP(100°F): 5 mmHg
IP: ?

Sp.Gr: 0.81
Fl.P: 100-162°F
UEL: 5%
LEL: 0.7%

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1550
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench
First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
Up to 1000 mg/m3: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 2500 mg/m3: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 5000 mg/m3: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; burning sensation in chest; headache, nausea, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), restlessness, incoordination, confusion, drowsiness; vomiting, diarrhea; dermatitis; chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION