NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Methylal CAS 109-87-5
CH3OCH2OCH3 RTECS PA8750000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Dimethoxymethane, Formal, Formaldehyde dimethylacetal, Methoxymethyl methyl ether, Methylene dimethyl ether
DOT ID & Guide
1234 127
Exposure
Limits
NIOSH REL: TWA 1000 ppm (3100 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL: TWA 1000 ppm (3100 mg/m3)
IDLH 2200 ppm [10%LEL] Conversion 1 ppm = 3.11 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a chloroform-like odor.
MW: 76.1
BP: 111°F
FRZ: -157°F
Sol: 33%
VP: 330 mmHg
IP: 10.00 eV

Sp.Gr: 0.86
Fl.P(oc): -26°F
UEL: 13.8%
LEL: 2.2%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, acids
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1611
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
Up to 2200 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; anesthesia
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION