NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

1,1,2-Trichloroethane CAS 79-00-5
CHCl2CH2Cl RTECS KJ3150000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Ethane trichloride, beta-Trichloroethane, Vinyl trichloride
DOT ID & Guide
NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 10 ppm (45 mg/m3) [skin] See Appendix A See Appendix C (Chloroethanes)
OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (45 mg/m3) [skin]
IDLH Ca [100 ppm] Conversion 1 ppm = 5.46 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a sweet, chloroform-like odor.
MW: 133.4
BP: 237°F
FRZ: -34°F
Sol: 0.4%
VP: 19 mmHg
IP: 11.00 eV

Sp.Gr: 1.44
Fl.P: ?
UEL: 15.5%
LEL: 6%

Combustible Liquid, forms dense soot.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers & caustics; chemically-active metals (such as aluminum, magnesium powders, sodium & potassium)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1003; OSHA 11
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose; central nervous system depression; liver, kidney damage; dermatitis; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys

Cancer Site [in animals: liver cancer]