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  • CLPS Department Honors Oral Presentations Download CLPS Department Honors Oral Presentations to my desktop calendar

    April 15, 2014 4:30 PM - 5:30 PM Time: 4:30 p.m. Student: Sahil Luthra, Cognitive Neuroscience Title: Speaker Information in Spoken Word Recognition: An Investigation Using False Memories Advisor: Sheila Blumstein Time: 5:00 p.m. Student: Mary Samantha English, Cognitive Neuroscience Title: Perception of Acoustic Cry Characteristics in Infants with Autism Spectrum Disorder Advisor: Stephen Sheinkopf http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Departments, Other, Other Events
  • LingLangLunch Download LingLangLunch to my desktop calendar

    April 16, 2014 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM Speaker: Lee Edelist, Brown University. Title: Pronoun resolution in multi utterance discourse. Abstract: This talk will look at several pragmatic theories of pronoun resolution (Centering, Accessibility theory and Coherence based theory), will identify how they complement each other, and point out what is still not accounted for. Mainly, all of these theories focus on examples that consist of one or two consecutive utterances. Natural discourse, though, is not limited to two utterance stints. I'll show that when co-reference is carried over multiple utterances, the rules are a bit different than what has been described thus far. Finally, i'll discuss a proposed study that will observe readers judgments of the identity of pronoun referents in conditions when different theories hold conflicting predictions. http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Brown Bag Lunch, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments
  • Imri Sofer PhD Defense Download Imri Sofer PhD Defense to my desktop calendar

    April 16, 2014 3:00 PM - 5:00 PM Setting boundaries in space: A model of rapid visual categorization of natural images Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, Audience, Departments
  • CLPS Honors Oral Presentations Download CLPS Honors Oral Presentations to my desktop calendar

    April 17, 2014 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Time: 4:00 p.m. Student: Julia Gibson, Cognitive Science Title: Relational Structures in Visual Attention and Similarity Perception Advisor: Paul Allopenna Time: 4:30 p.m. Student: Julia Lynford, Psychology Title: Parent Expectancy and Treatment Response in Psychiatrically Disordered Preschoolers Advisor: John Boekamp Time: 5:00 p.m. Student: Andrea Wister, Psychology Title: Exploring Exploration: How Evidence Affects 4- and 5-year-old Children's Exploratory Play Advisor: David Sobel http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Departments, Other, Other Events
  • Social Cognitive Science Brown Bag Lunch Series Download Social Cognitive Science Brown Bag Lunch Series to my desktop calendar

    April 18, 2014 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM Speaker: Peter Blake, BU. Title: Learning to give: Parent effects on children's altruistic behavior. Abstract: Young children are prosocial in many ways: they spontaneously share information and help unfamiliar adults. However, when prosocial actions carry a higher cost, as when giving away valuable resources, a basic self-interest appears and persists into elementary school. Early research on social learning showed that adults can influence children's giving behavior, but this work had two limitations: 1) parents, the primary agents of socialization in early childhood, were never assessed and 2) the tasks used did not allow for systematic measurement of influence on the child's giving behavior. I will present evidence from three experimental studies measuring the effects of parent models on children's altruistic giving. In all, we used a variation of the Dictator Game (DG) - parents modeled different levels of giving to an anonymous recipient while their child watched and then the child did a DG with an anonymous child recipient. In Study 1, we found a dose-response effect on children's giving that diminished with age. In Study 2, we found that children with certain variants of the DRD4 allele were more influenced by generous parent models. In Study 3, we compared parent influence in the US and India and found a stronger effect of parents in India, particularly for older children. In ongoing work (Study 4), we compare the effects of parents and unfamiliar adults on altruistic giving and a categorization task. Together, these studies provide evidence that parent influence on children's costly altruistic behavior varies by model content, age, genetics and culture. http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Brown Bag Lunch, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments
  • Cognition Seminar Download Cognition Seminar to my desktop calendar

    April 18, 2014 3:00 PM - 4:30 PM Speaker: David Somers, Boston University. Title: Human Fronto-Parietal Attention Networks for Space, Time, and Perception. Abstract: Vision and audition are each capable of coding spatial and temporal information, but the visual systems excels at spatial processing and the auditory system excels at temporal processing. We propose the Domain Recruitment Hypothesis - brain regions that support visual cognition will be recruited by spatially demanding tasks and that brain regions that support auditory cognition will be recruited by temporally demanding tasks, independent of the sensory modality of the stimuli.I will present the results of fMRI experiments investigating short-term memory (STM) for space and for time in both the auditory and visual domains. Direct contrast of auditory attention and visual attention tasks reveals two auditory attention network regions spatially interleaved with two visual attention network regions within the lateral frontal cortex. Resting-state fMRI demonstrates that these frontal regions exhibit highly selective functional connectivity to posterior attention networks of the same sensory modality (vision-parietal; audition-temporal). The results of two pairs of unimodal STM tasks strongly support the Domain Recruitment Hypothesis: A purely visual task with high temporal demands recruits the frontal auditory regions more strongly than a visual task with high spatial demands and a purely auditory task with high spatial demands recruits the frontal visual regions more strongly than an auditory task with high temporal demands. These findings demonstrate functional links between sensory modality (vision/audition) and information domain (space/time) and advance our understanding of the functional organization of human lateral frontal cortex. http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Brain Science Program, Biology and Medicine, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments, Seminars
  • CLPS Department Honors Oral Presentations Download CLPS Department Honors Oral Presentations to my desktop calendar

    April 21, 2014 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM Time: 4:00 p.m. Student: Lauren Bilsky, Linguistics Title: Machine Translation using Grounded Language Advisors: Uriel Cohen Priva, Eugene Charniak Time: 4:30 p.m. Student: Jackson Golden, Linguistics Title: Compositional Semantics of Focused Pronouns in Variable-Free Semantics Advisor: Pauline Jacobson Time: 5:00 p.m. Student: Mega Keough, Linguistics Title: Complex Codas in Imdlawn Tashlhiyt Berber: A Ganging Up Effect Advisor: Uriel Cohen Priva Time: 5:30 p.m. Student: Robin Sifre, Cognitive Neuroscience Title: It’s Not How You Did It, But What You Did: The Direct Effect of Outcomes on Punishment Advisor: Fiery Cushman http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Departments, Other, Other Events
  • CLPS Honors Oral Presentations Download CLPS Honors Oral Presentations to my desktop calendar

    April 22, 2014 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM Time: 4:00 p.m. Student: Nestor Noyola, Psychology Title: Ameliorating Differences in Performance: Cognitive Test Anxiety, Related Constructs, and the Effect of Expecting Temporally Proximate Grades on Exam Performance Advisor: Brian Hayden Time: 4:30p.m. Student Robin Martens, Cognitive Neuroscience Title: The role of figure, background and contour based visual features in object recognition: A computational investigation Advisor: Thomas Serre Time: 5:00 p.m. Student: Perri Katzman, Cognitive Neuroscience Title: Effects of Perceived Oldness and Task Success on Subsequent Memory Advisor: David Badre Time: 5:30 p.m. Student: Julia Shube, Cognitive Science Title: The Effect of Explanation on Understanding Scientific Processes Without Provided Information Advisor: Steven Sloman http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Departments, Other, Other Events
  • CLPS SPECIAL SEMINAR - Michael Saddoris, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Download CLPS SPECIAL SEMINAR - Michael Saddoris, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill to my desktop calendar

    April 23, 2014 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM CLPS SPECIAL SEMINAR - Speaker: Michael Saddoris, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Title: Finding Meaning in Phasic Dopamine Signal(s): Learning, Value and Addiction. Host: Rebecca Burwell Abstract: Rapid dopamine signaling within the nucleus accumbens (NAc) has been implicated in a variety of motivational processes, including associative learning, choice behavior and more problematically, addiction. However, given this wide range of functions, it has been difficult to isolate which specific features of this signal are important in supporting these processes. In this talk, I will present recent data from behavioral experiments using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry, electrophysiology and optogenetics to demonstrate that interactions between mesolimbic dopamine signaling and NAc activity play a critical role in key aspects of motivational behavior. http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Brain Science Program, Biology and Medicine, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments, Seminars
  • Kathryn Kalafut Dissertation Defense Download Kathryn Kalafut Dissertation Defense to my desktop calendar

    April 23, 2014 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM The Quantification of Behavior in the Presence of Compound Stimuli Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, Audience, Departments
  • SPECIAL EVENT: "ROBOT & FRANK" Download SPECIAL EVENT: "ROBOT & FRANK" to my desktop calendar

    April 29, 2014 6:00 PM - 8:00 PM Special Event: “ROBOT & FRANK” - Tuesday, April 29, 6 PM - 8 PM, Salomon 001 Doors open @ 5:45. Free screening @ 6:00, Discussion @ 7:30. Immediately following the film, join us for a lively discussion with the leaders of Brown's Humanity-Centered Robotics Initiative — Professors Bertram Malle (Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences), Michael Littman (Computer Science), and Chad Jenkins (Computer Science). Popcorn will be available. Even during the film. Presented by the HCRI (Humanity-Centered Robotics Initiative) hcri.brown.edu/ & ISG (Information Security Group) brown.edu/go/isg. RESERVE YOUR SPOT AT brown.edu/go/robot-and-frank http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Salomon Center, Room 001 Dept: CLPS, Departments, Films, Arts and Entertainment
  • LingLangLunch Download LingLangLunch to my desktop calendar

    April 30, 2014 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM Speaker: Jill Thorson, Brown University. Title: How intonation interacts with new and given information to guide attention. Abstract: Abstract: Toddlers are sensitive to native language rhythm and pitch patterns. From the beginnings of production, they approximate adult-like intonation contours and align them with appropriate semantic/pragmatic intentions. The motivation for our study is to investigate how English-acquiring 18-month-olds are guided by mappings from intonation to information structure during on-line reference resolution in a discourse. We ask whether specific pitch movements (deaccented/monotonal/bitonal) more systematically predict patterns of attention depending on the referring condition (new/given). Additionally, this experiment isolates the role of pitch in directing attention, keeping duration and intensity constant across conditions. Contrary to previous work, results show longer looking times to the target over a distractor in the deaccented condition if the referent is new to the discourse but not if it is given. Also, the bitonal pitch movement directs attention to the target even when it is given in the discourse. Thus, pitch type is interacting with new and given information in directing toddler attention. Analyzing how higher-level components combine to direct attention to a referent during discourse aids in explaining the mechanisms that are important for language and word learning. http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Brown Bag Lunch, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments
  • Jean Decety, University of Chicago Download Jean Decety, University of Chicago to my desktop calendar

    April 30, 2014 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Michael S. Goodman '74 Memorial Lecture Series. Jean Decety, University of Chicago. Irving B. Harris Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Chicago. Director of the Child Neurosuite and the Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory. Title: The contribution of neuroscience to theories of morality. Abstract: Morality is a pervasive aspect of human nature across all cultures. Neuroscience can contribute in many ways to our understanding of the mechanisms underpinning moral cognition, including how they develop during ontogeny as well as how individual dispositions modulate online neural response and effective connectivity. I will present a series of studies from my lab that utilized functional MRI and high-density EEG to examine the neural response to non-verbal visual scenarios depicting interpersonal harm and interpersonal assistance. Results from these studies provide important knowledge in identifying neural computations and their spatiotemporal dynamics that support psychological processes involved in moral judgment and mental-state reasoning. Friedman Auditorium, CLPS Department, 190 Thayer Street, Wednesday, April 30, 2014, 4:00 p.m. http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Colloquia, Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, First Years, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors, For Masters candidates only, For PhD candidates only, Audience, Brain Science Program, Biology and Medicine, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Faculty, Staff, Postdocs, Departments
  • Perception Action Seminar Series Download Perception Action Seminar Series to my desktop calendar

    May 1, 2014 12:00 PM - 2:00 PM Speakers: Brett Fajen and Jon Matthis, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Title: TBA http://www.brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Departments
  • Social Cognitive Science Brown Bag Lunch Series Download Social Cognitive Science Brown Bag Lunch Series to my desktop calendar

    May 2, 2014 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM Speaker: Xuan Zhao, Brown University Title: TBA http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Brown Bag Lunch, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments
  • BIBS - Computation Initiative Lecture Series Download BIBS - Computation Initiative Lecture Series to my desktop calendar

    May 2, 2014 3:00 PM - 4:30 PM Peter E. Latham, Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, University College London, UK. "Olfaction as Probabilistic Inference" Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, First Years, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors, For Masters candidates only, For PhD candidates only, Audience, Brain Science Program, Biology and Medicine, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Faculty, Staff, Postdocs, Departments, Lectures
  • Miles Hewstone, Oxford University Download Miles Hewstone, Oxford University to my desktop calendar

    May 7, 2014 4:30 PM - 6:00 PM Harold Schlosberg Colloquium. Miles Hewstone, Oxford University. Title: Impact of Diversity on Intergroup Relations: The Missing Dimension of Intergroup Contact. Abstract: : My talk will begin by considering the pessimistic conclusion of political scientist, Robert Putnam that living in ethnically diverse areas is associated with ‘distrust’, not just of ethnic outgroup, but also ethnic ingroup, members. I will challenge his findings, primarily, for having failed to include an adequate measure of intergroup contact (i.e., not just whether people live in ethnically diverse areas, but the quantity and quality of cross-group interaction they experience). This critique is substantiated with recent multi-level data from surveys carried out in neighborhoods and schools varying in diversity. The remainder of my talk presents an overview of some of my current research – comprising cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys, experiments, and observational and archival analyses. I provide evidence for the impact of two different kinds of contact (direct and extended); explore how and when contact works (i.e., mediating and moderating factors, respectively); and consider the variety of outcome measures that contact impacts (especially generalized effects from one outgroup to other outgroups). Two ‘enemies’ of contact should also be considered, however, negative contact, and resegregation. I conclude that a broad approach to conceiving and measuring ‘contact’ is necessary, and that contact conceived in this manner is crucial to understanding the impact of diversity. However, the research practices of social psychologists appear partly to blame for the limited impact of our theory and research on public policy in this area. CLPS Department, May 7, 4:30 p.m. Friedman Auditorium, 190 Thayer Street. http://www.brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 101, Friedman Auditorium Colloquia, Open to the Public, Dept: CLPS, First Years, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors, For Masters candidates only, For PhD candidates only, Audience, Brain Science Program, Biology and Medicine, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Faculty, Staff, Postdocs, Departments
  • Social Cognitive Science Brown Bag Series Download Social Cognitive Science Brown Bag Series to my desktop calendar

    May 9, 2014 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM Speaker: Dolores Albarracin, UPenn Title: TBA http://brown.edu/Departments/CLPS/events Metcalf Research Laboratory, Room 305 Dept: CLPS, Brown Bag Lunch, Lectures, Conferences, and Meetings, Departments