Associate Professor of French Studies:
Phone: +1 401 863 3070
Professor Krause's research interests focus on Renaissance France, particularly early modern romance, the history of leisure, and witchcraft. She is the author of "Idle Pursuits: Literature and 'oisiveté' in the French Renaissance" (2003) and is currently completing two projects: a book titled "Witchcraft and confession in Early Modern France" and a critical edition (with Christian Martin and Eric Macphail) of Jean Bodin's De la démonomanie des sorciers (1580).
Professor Krause is currently completing a book examining the role of confession in early modern witch trials and the demonological literature that grew out of these trials to be titled "Witchcraft and confession in early modern France." In early modern France, witches were denounced by neighbors and scrutinized by specialists, but the singularity of the early modern French witch was that she confessed, self-identified as a witch, as the first-person agent of horrifically implausible deeds. What led her to this point? Despair, solitude, perhaps even physical pain, but most decisively, demonology's two-pronged prosecutorial and truth-seeking confessional apparatus. Situated at the crossroads of history and literary studies, this project examines how confession was extracted, interpreted, and disseminated by early modern French demonologistsspecialists of the so-called science of demons. At the same time, it seeks to understand this process from the point of view of the accused who ultimately confessed to implausible crimes that never took place, thereby becoming a "witch" in the language of early modern demonology. In tandem with this interpretive project, Professor Krause is finishing a critical edition (with Christian Martin and Eric Macphail) of Jean Bodin's "De la démonomanie des sorciers" (1580).
Virginia Krause is presently completing a critical edition of a sixteenth-century treatise on witchcraft entitled De la démonomanie des Sorciers First published in 1580, Jean Bodin's treatise played a key role in the witch-hunts in France at the end of the Renaissance and into the seventeenth Century. De la démonomanie des Sorciers will be the first critical edition of this work.
Ph.D. University of Wisconsin-Madison 1993M.A. University of Wisconsin-Madison 1988B.A. Brown University
Wendy J. Strothman Faculty Research Award in the Humanities for 2006-07, Brown University.
3 Office of the Vice President for Research (OVPR) grants, Brown University (2002, 2003, 2005).
Newberry Library Fellowship, 1999.
Modern Language Association
Renaissance Society of America
Société Française d'étude du seizième siècle
Literature and culture of Renaissance France, the early novel, the history of witchcraft, literature and confession.
Newberry Library fellowship in 1999 ($1200)
3 Office of the Vice President for Research (OVPR) grants awarded by Brown University in 2002, 2003, 2005