Department of
Facilities Management
Brown University
Box 1941
295 Lloyd Ave.
Providence, RI 02912

Facility Emergency:
Tel: (401) 863-7800

Service Request:
Tel: (401) 863-7800

Main Office:
Tel: (401) 863-7850
Fax: (401) 863-7885

LEED ® Facts
Nelson and Fitness Center
Providence, RI
LEED for New Construction, v3

Certification achieved January 2014

GOLD 64*
Sustainable Sites 21/26
Water Efficiency 4/10
Energy & Atmosphere 17/35
Materials & Resources 4/14
Indoor Environment Quality 10/15
Innovation & Design 6/6
Regional Priority 2/4
* Out of possible 110

Sustainable Sites (SS)
21 of 26 points attempted

Choosing and developing a building’s site can significantly impact the surrounding environment. For example, building on a previously developed site in an urban environment conserves greenfields, which are previously undeveloped sites, and can prevent further encroachment on natural habitats or agricultural fields. Locating a building in an urban area may also reduce the likelihood of occupants using cars to travel to and from the site as well as the need for further vehicular infrastructure. The Sustainable Sites credit category promotes sustainable building practices that target the building landscape, hardscape, and exterior building issues.

SSc1 - Site Selection (1/1)

SSc2 - Development Density & Community Connectivity (5/5)

SSc3 - Brownfield Redevelopment (1/1)

SSc4.1 - Alternative Transportation, Public Transportation Access (6/6)

SSc4.2 - Alternative Transportation, Bicycle Storage & Changing Rooms (1/1)

SSc4.3 - Alternative Transportation, Low-Emitting & Fuel-Efficient Vehicles (3/3)

SSc4.4 - Alternative Transportation, Parking Capacity (2/2)

SSc5.2 - Site Development, Maximize Open Space (1/1)

SSc6.2 - Storm water Design, Quality Control (1/1)

Not Attempted: SSc5.1- Site Development, Protect or Restore Habitat (1/1); SSc6.1 - Storm water Design, Quantity Control (1/1); SSc7.1 - Heat Island Effect, Non-Roof (1/1); SSc7.2- Heat Island Effect, Roof (1/1); SSc8 - Light Pollution Reduction (1/1)

Prerequisite 1: Construction Activity Pollution Prevention: Construction can produce an unhealthy work environment for construction workers and building occupants and cause environmental damage that takes years to remedy. All projects need to reduce pollution from construction activities by implementing a soil erosion and sedimentation control plan. The Aquatics Fitness Center complied with this requirement and created a plan according to the requirements of the 2003 Environmental Protection Agency Construction General Plan to manage sedimentation, erosion, and the generation of dust and particulate matter.

Credit 1 - Site Selection: This is a previously developed site.

Credit 2 - Development Density & Community Connectivity: The Aquatics Fitness Center is on a previously developed site and is within a half mile of ten basic community services, including a post office, bank, and restaurant, and an existing residential neighborhood. Redevelopment of urban areas limits urban sprawl and thereby reduces vehicular transportation and its impacts, such as air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. It also helps revitalize and sustain community life. The blue shaded areas represent residential neighborhoods while the circled numbers show the locations of the ten basic community services that the design team chose in order to fulfill Credit 2. As shown, the community services are within ½ mile radius of the building.

Credit 3 - Brownfield Redevelopment: The Aquatics Fitness Center is located on a previously remediated Brownfield site.

Credit 4.1 - Alternative Transportation, Public Transportation Access: Five Rhode Island Public Transit Authority (RIPTA) bus lines are within a quarter mile walking distance from the Aquatics Fitness Center. Additionally, the building is located within a quarter mile of stops served by the Providence LINK Trolley and the Brown Med/DownCity Express, both of which building occupants can use free of charge. Easy access to public transportation encourages building occupants to utilize public mass-transit, thus avoiding pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and land development impacts associated with individual automobile use.

Credit 4.2 - Alternative Transportation, Bicycle Storage & Changing Rooms: Users of the building have access to the fitness center and bicycle racks for 5% of the anticipated visitors to the building were installed. Showers and lockers are available within the building.

Credit 4.3 - Alternative Transportation, Low-Emitting & Fuel-Efficient: Preferred parking has been designated for preferential use by Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient vehicles. The spaces are designated as such with special signage designed specifically for this project.

Credit 4.4 - Alternative Transportation, Parking Capacity: One hundred parking spaces were re-purposed for open green space.  Conventional parking lots are damaging to the environment because asphalt surfaces increase stormwater runoff and contribute to the urban heat island effect.

Credit 5.2 - Site Development, Maximize Open Space: When vegetation is replaced with dry, impermeable, dark cement it loses its ability to absorb water and reflect thermal radiation. This increases the average temperature of developed land to a point significantly higher than its rural surroundings, creating a heat island, which disrupts weather patterns and creates health issues. Furthermore, replacing earth with impermeable pavement increases storm runoff and therefore erosion of city surfaces. This point is given for providing vegetated open space adjacent to the building equal to at least 20 percent of the building footprint, thereby mitigating the issue of cement described above. This was easy for the design team to earn since the project site area is 313,544 sf and the vegetated open space provided by the project is 101,562 sf, resulting in 68.78 percent of vegetated open space. Vegetated open space in an urban environment can promote biodiversity by providing a habitat for flora and fauna, increase on-site storm water infiltration, and reduce contributions to the urban heat island effect.

Credit 6.2 - Storm water Design, Quality Control: The storm water management plan will treat 90% of the average annual rainfall and will remove at least 80% of Total Suspended Solids (TSS), fulfilling the requirements of this credit.


Facilities Project Manager:  John Cooke
Facilities Engineer:  John Faunce King
Design Architect: Robert A.M. Stern Architects
Civil Engineer: Woodard & Curran
MEP Engineer: Wozny Barbar & Asso
Commissioning: Stephen Turner
Contractor: Shawmut Design and Construction
Sustainability Consultant/LEED Administrator: Green Engineer