KHRUSHCHEV: FROM THE KREMLIN TO BROWN UNIVERSITY:
OF NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV
The Last Testament.
Translated and edited by Strobe Talbott With a foreword
by Edward Crankshaw and an introduction by Jerrold L. Schecter. Boston and Toronto:
Little, Brown and Company, 1974. The volume is opened to the chapter on the 1959
visit. The first volume (published 1970) in this three-volume series had been
prepared by translating a transcript, by Sergei Khrushchev; some critics questioned
its authenticity. For this volume and its sequel, however, Sergei Khrushchev was
able to make available copies of the tapes themselves, the authenticity of which
was confirmed by comparison of voice-prints. This English version appeared in
print years before the Russian version. Gift of S. Khrushchev.
Transcript of Nikita Khrushchev's dictated memoirs. (Photocopy.) Prepared at Columbia
University from copies of audio tapes. Lent by the Oral History Office, Columbia
Transcript, with handwritten revisions, of Nikita Khrushchev's dictated memoirs
(photocopy). Sergei Khrushchev donated his transcript of the tapes to Columbia
University. The excerpt displayed deals with his visit to the USA in September
1959. Lent by the Oral History Office, Columbia University.
Carbon copy of a later typed version of the transcript, incorporating previous
handwritten revisions, to which further revisions have been added in ink. The
excerpt displayed corresponds to the passage in the adjacent earlier version.
Gift of S. Khrushchev.
Nikita Khrushchev. Vremia, Liudi, Vlast' (N.S.
Khruschev Vospominania) [i.e."Time, People, Power" (half-title:
"N.S. Khrushchev Memoirs")]. Edited by Sergei Khrushchev. Moscow: Moskovskiye
Novosti, 1999. 4 vols. Complete edition of the memoirs. Gift of S. Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev. Vospominanya: Izbrrannye fragmenty.
[i.e. "Memoirs: Selected fragments"]. Edited by Sergei Khrushchev. Moscow:
Vagrius, 1997. Selected chapters from the memoirs. Gift of S. Khrushchev.
Dictated memoirs. 39 4-track reel-to-reel audio tapes. Prior to his death in 1971
Nikita Khrushchev, using a "Uher" tape recorder, dictated his memoirs on reels
of audio tape. As each tape was completed, Sergei Khrushchev made two copies,
entrusting one to his friend Igor Shanik of the Moscow Technical University and
the other to Time Magazine. (The copies were made using whatever tapes were at
hand. In addition to the voice of Nikita Khrushchev, two fragments of music can
be heard: one of Diana Ross and the Supremes, the other of Frank Sinatra.) In
July 1970, when Nikita Khrushchev was in hospital, the KGB confiscated the original
tapes. Time Magazine eventually donated its copy to Columbia University. The other
copy was returned to the Khrushchev family and is still in Russia. In 1991, from
the latter copy, Sergei Khrushchev made another copy, which he donated to Columbia
University. It is displayed here. For various reasons there are discrepancies
between the sequence of dictation in the various sets of copies. Lent by the Oral
History Office, Columbia University.
Sergei Khrushchev. "Nikita Khrushchev's Tapes." (Two diagrams.) Also, "Osobennosti
perezapisi diktovok memuarov N.S. Khrushcheva" [i.e. "Specific features of copying
the machine dictation of N.S. Khrushchev's memoirs"]. These illustrate and explain
the relationship between various versions of the tapes. Gift of S. Khrushchev.
Computer hard drive. In order to rearrange the scrambled segments of the approximately
200 hours of Nikita Khrushchev's dictation, the thirty-nine reel-to-reel tapes
have been copied, in digital format, onto three computer hard drives similar to
the one displayed here. This was done by the staff of Brown University Library's
Media Services Department, using equipment purchased for the recently-established
Brown University Library. Media Services Department. Printout of three screen
shots of the four-track audio tapes. In digitized format the four-track tapes
can be viewed on a computer screen as a set of four linear graphs. The three screen
shots displayed here show portions of tape at different magnifications: from top
to bottom, they are (1) three and a half hours' worth of dictation, (2) twelve
and a half minutes, and (3) three seconds. (At the third magnification one can
distinguish individual words from background noise; the latter appears as a flat
line.) A native Russian speaker has been listening to the dictation and electronically
marking and identifying various portions of it as displayed in graph form, which
eventually will be cut and pasted electronically into their correct sequence.
Blank CD disk. When the editing is complete, the digitized dictation will be transferred
to a set of approximately 312 CDs, for greater stability and also to facilitate
the duplicating of Nikita Khrushchev's dictated for interested libraries or individual
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