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Iberian, Latin American and Latino Resources


Selected Internet Resources: Latin America—Social Sciences


Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC)
A gateway sponsored by the University of Texas at Austin. LANIC provides useful and current information on many aspects of Latin America, including economics, literature, politics, and media. It includes a section of information arranged by country.

Political Database of the Americas
Compiled by the Georgetown University Center for Latin American Studies and the Organization of American States, this site provides country summaries, constitutions, election data, and much more information (including many primary documents) on Latin American governments and politics.

Latin American and the Caribbean—Development Gateway
"The Development Gateway Foundation is an independent not-for-profit organization conceived by former World Bank President James Wolfensohn and initially developed in the World Bank. Operations began in July 2001."

Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
"The Inter-American Development Bank helps foster sustainable economic and social development in Latin America and the Caribbean through its lending operations, leadership in regional initiatives, research and knowledge dissemination activities, institutes and programs."

Organization of American States (OAS)
"(OAS) brings together the countries of the Western Hemisphere to strengthen cooperation and advance common interests. It is the region’s premier forum for multilateral dialogue and concerted action."

Summits of the Americas Secretariat Information Network
"The Summits of the Americas Secretariat forms part of the institutional mechanisms of the Summit Process of the Americas and provides support in the areas of implementation, outreach and follow up of the mandates."

Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)
FTAA is a new free trade and investment agreement being negotiated between the governments of North, Central, and South America. FTAA would strengthen and extend NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement) to the entire Western Hemisphere, except Cuba. It would have 34 member countries.

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Secretariat
"The NAFTA Secretariat is a unique organization established pursuant to Article 2002 of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). It administers the mechanisms specified under the NAFTA to resolve trade disputes between national industries and/or governments in a timely and impartial manner.

Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)
"CDB intends to be the leading Caribbean development finance institution, working in an efficient, responsive and collaborative manner with our borrowing members, towards the systematic reduction of poverty in their countries, through social and economic development."

Caribbean Community and Common Market—CARICOM
"The objectives of the Community are to improve standards of living and work; the full employment of labour and other factors of production; accelerated, coordinated and sustained economic development and convergence; expansion of trade and economic relations with third States; enhanced levels of international competitiveness; organisation for increased production and productivity; achievement of a greater measure of economic leverage and effectiveness of Member States in dealing with third States, groups of States and entities of any description and the enhanced co-ordination of Member States’ foreign and foreign economic policies and enhanced functional co-operation."

Secretaría Administrativa del MERCOSUR - MERCOSUR Secretariat
"The Southern Common Market-MERCOSUR is a process of integration involving Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It was established by the Treaty of Asuncion signed on March 26, 1991. It is now a Customs Union and its ultimate objective is to evolve into a Common Market."

World Trade Organization
"The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business."

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) - Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL)
"ECLAC, which is headquartered in Santiago, Chile, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations. It was founded for the purposes of contributing to the economic development of Latin America, coordinating actions directed towards this end, and reinforcing economic relationships among the countries and with the other nations of the world. The promotion of the region's social development was later included among its primary objectives."

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
"The IMF is an international organization of 184 member countries. It was established to promote international monetary cooperation, exchange stability, and orderly exchange arrangements; to foster economic growth and high levels of employment; and to provide temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease balance of payments adjustment."

The World Bank
"The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. We are not a bank in the common sense. We are made up of two unique development institutions owned by 184 member countries—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). Each institution plays a different but supportive role in our mission of global poverty reduction and the improvement of living standards. The IBRD focuses on middle income and creditworthy poor countries, while IDA focuses on the poorest countries in the world. Together we provide low-interest loans, interest-free credit and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, communications and many other purposes."

United Nations
"The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter, are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends."

World Health Organization (WHO)
"WHO is the United Nations specialized agency for health. It was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
"FAO leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information. We help developing countries and countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices and ensure good nutrition for all. Since our founding in 1945, we have focused special attention on developing rural areas, home to 70 percent of the world's poor and hungry people."

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
"UNICEF is a United Nations agency devoted to the welfare of children and cooperates with the World Health Organization in immunization programs. UNICEF was established in 1946 and currently has over 200 offices in 115 developing countries."

United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
"UNAIDS' mission is to lead, strengthen and support an expanded response to HIV and AIDS that includes preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support to those already living with the virus, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV and alleviating the impact of the epidemic."

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
"UNESCO was founded on 16 November 1945. Today, UNESCO functions as a laboratory of ideas and a standard-setter to forge universal agreements on emerging ethical issues. The Organization also serves as a clearinghouse – for the dissemination and sharing of information and knowledge – while helping Member States to build their human and institutional capacities in diverse fields. In short, UNESCO promotes international co-operation among its 191 Member States and six Associate Members in the fields of education, science, culture and communication."

International Court of Justice
"The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Its seat is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). It began work in 1946, when it replaced the Permanent Court of International Justice which had functioned in the Peace Palace since 1922. It operates under a Statute largely similar to that of its predecessor, which is an integral part of the Charter of the United Nations. The Court has a dual role: to settle in accordance with international law the legal disputes submitted to it by States, and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized international organs and agencies."

Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War
"Adopted on 12 August 1949 by the Diplomatic Conference for the Establishment of International Conventions for the Protection of Victims of War, held in Geneva from 21 April to 12 August, 1949."

Reference Guide to the Geneva Conventions
A guide maintained by the Society of Professional Journalists.

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
"A permanent mandate founded in international law, a worldwide mission to help victims of conflicts and internal violence, whoever they are. The ICRC’s mandate in the Geneva Conventions and in its Statutes; articles on the mission, status and objectives of the ICRC."

Human Rights Watch
"Human Rights Watch is is an independent, nongovernmental organization, supported by contributions from private individuals and foundations worldwide, dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world."

Amnesty International (AI)
"Amnesty International (AI) is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights. AI’s vision is of a world in which every person enjoys all of the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards."

Oxfam
"Oxfam GB is a development, relief, and campaigning organisation that works with others to find lasting solutions to poverty and suffering around the world."

Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO)
"La FLACSO es un organismo internacional de carácter autónomo y regional, creado en 1957, por iniciativa de la UNESCO y algunos gobiernos de la región. Su principal objetivo es promover las ciencias sociales en América Latina y el Caribe."


Images
Top left: Original watercolor of an Inca (possibly Manco Capac) found in vol. 2 of Borrones: un recuerdo para la historia del Alto Perú. Undated. Church Collection. John Hay Library.

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