Ogburn RM, EJ Edwards. 2015. Life history lability underlies rapid climate niche evolution in the angiosperm clade Montiaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 92: 181-192. pdf

Yang X, JC Cushman, AM Borland, EJ Edwards, and 47 others. 2015. A roadmap for research on crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) to enhance sustainable food and bioenergy production in a hotter, drier world. New Phytologist 207: 491-504. pdf

Edwards EJ, JM de Vos, MJ Donoghue. 2015. Brief Communications Arising: Doubtful pathways to cold tolerance in plants. Nature 521, doi:10.1038/nature14393. pdf

Spriggs EA, WL Clement, PW Sweeney, S Madrinan, EJ Edwards, MJ Donoghue. 2015. Temperate radiations and dying embers of a tropical past: the diversification of Viburnum. New Phytologist 207: 340-354. pdf

Christin PA, M Arakaki, CP Osborne, EJ Edwards. 2015. Genetic enablers underlying the clustered evolutionary origins of C4 photosynthesis in angiosperms. Molecular Biology and Evolution 32: 846-858. pdf


Donoghue MJ, EJ Edwards. 2014. Biome shifts and niche evolution in plants. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 45: 547-572. pdf

Gao L, EJ Edwards, Y Zeng, Y Huang. 2014. Major evolutionary trends in hydrogen isotope fractionation of vascular plant leaf waxes. PLoS ONE 9(11): e112610. pdf

Edwards EJ. 2014. The inevitability of C4 photosynthesis. eLife 3:e03702. pdf

Howison M, F Zapata, EJ Edwards, CW Dunn. 2014. Bayesian genome assembly and assessment by markov chain monte carlo sampling. PLoS ONE 9(6): e99497. pdf

Clement WL, M Arakaki, PW Sweeney, EJ Edwards, MJ Donoghue. 2014. A chloroplast tree for Viburnum and its implications for phylogenetic classification and character evolution. American Journal of Botany 101: 1029-1049. pdf

Christin PA, M Arakaki, CP Osborne, A Brautigam, RF Sage, JM Hibberd, S Kelly, S Covshoff, GKS Wong, L Hancock, EJ Edwards. 2014. Shared origins of a key enzyme during the evolution of C4 and CAM metabolism. Journal of Experimental Botany 65: 3609-3621.pdf

Hancock L, EJ Edwards. 2014. Phylogeny and the inference of evolutionary trajectories. Journal of Experimental Botany 65: 3491-3498. pdf

Spriggs EL, PA Christin, EJ Edwards. 2014. C4 photosynthesis promoted species diversification during the Miocene grassland expansion. PLoS ONE 9(5):e97722. pdf

Edwards EJ, DS Chatelet, L Sack, MJ Donoghue. 2014. Leaf life span and the leaf economic spectrum in the context of whole plant architecture. Journal of Ecology 102: 328-336. pdf

Christin PA, E Spriggs, CP Osborne, CAE Stromberg, N Salamin, EJ Edwards. 2014. Molecular dating, evolutionary rates, and the age of the grasses. Systematic Biology 63: 153-165. pdf

Still CJ, S Pau, EJ Edwards. 2014. Land surface skin temperature captures thermal environments of C3 and C4 grasses. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 286-296. pdf


Christin PA, SF Boxall, R Gregory, EJ Edwards, J Hartwell, CP Osborne. 2013. Parallel recruitment of multiple genes into C4 photosynthesis. Genome Biology and Evolution 5: 2174-2187. pdf

Chatelet DS, WL Clement, L Sack, MJ Donoghue, EJ Edwards. 2013. The evolution of photosynthetic anatomy in Viburnum (Adoxaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 174: 1277-1291.pdf

Edwards EJ, MJ Donoghue. 2013. Is it easy to move and easy to evolve? Evolutionary accessibility and adaptation. Journal of Experimental Botany 64: 4047-4052. pdf

Ogburn RM, EJ Edwards. 2013. Repeated origin of three-dimensional leaf venation releases constraints on the evolution of succulence in plants. Current Biology 23: 722-726. pdf

Christin, PA, CP Osborne, DS Chatelet, JT Columbus, G Besnard, TR Hodkinson, LM Garrison, MS Vorontsova, EJ Edwards. 2013. Anatomical enablers and the evolution of C4 photosynthesis in grasses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110: 1381-1386. pdf

Pau S, EJ Edwards, CS Still. 2013. Improving our understanding of environmental controls on the distribution of C3 and C4 grasses. Global Change Biology 19: 184-196. pdf


Christin PA, MJ Wallace, H Clayton, EJ Edwards, RT Furbank, PW Hattersley, RF Sage, TD Macfarlane, M Ludwig. 2012. Multiple photosynthetic transitions, polyploidy, and lateral gene transfer in the grass subtribe Neurachninae. Journal of Experimental Botany 63: 6297-6308. pdf

Schmerler S, W Clement, J Beaulieu, D Chatelet, L Sack, MJ Donoghue, EJ Edwards. 2012. Evolution of leaf form correlates with temperate/tropical transitions in Viburnum. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 279: 3905-3913. pdf

Liu H, EJ Edwards, R Freckleton, CP Osborne. 2012. Phylogenetic niche conservatism in C4 grasses. Oecologia 170: 835-845. pdf

Ogburn RM, EJ Edwards. 2012. Quantifying succulence: a rapid, physiologically meaningful measure of plant water storage. Plant, Cell and Environment 35: 1533-1542. pdf

Feild T, EJ Edwards. 2012. Celebrating giant steps toward a synthetic history of angiosperm evolution. Special issue of International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 599-560. pdf

Edwards EJ, RM Ogburn. 2012. Angiosperm responses to a low CO2 world: CAM and C4 photosynthesis as parallel evolutionary trajectories. Special issue of International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 724-733. pdf

Christin PA, EJ Edwards, G Besnard, SF Boxall, R Gregory, EA Kellogg, J Hartwell, CP Osborne. 2012. Adaptive evolution of C4 photosynthesis through recurrent lateral gene transfer. Current Biology 22: 445-449. pdf

Christin PA, G Besnard, EJ Edwards, N Salamin. 2012. Effect of genetic convergence on phylogenetic inference. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 921-927. pdf

Grass Phylogeny Working Group II. 2012. New grass phylogeny resolves deep evolutionary relationships and discovers C4 origins. New Phytologist 193: 304-312. pdf

Taylor SH, PJ Franks, SP Hulme, E Spriggs, PA Christin, EJ Edwards, FI Woodward, CP Osborne. 2012. Photosynthetic pathway and ecologial adaptation explain stomatal trait diversity amongst grasses. New Phytologist 193: 387-396. pdf


Sage RF, PA Christin, EJ Edwards. 2011. C4 plant lineages of planet Earth. Special issue of Journal of Experimental Botany 62: 3155-3169. pdf

Christin, PA, CP Osborne, RF Sage, M Arakaki, EJ Edwards. 2011. C4 eudicots are not younger than C4 monocots. Special issue of Journal of Experimental Botany 62: 3171-3181. pdf

Arakaki M, PA Christin, A Lendel, R Nyffeler, U Eggli, RM Ogburn, E Spriggs, M Moore, EJ Edwards. 2011. Recent and contemporaneous radiations of the worlds succulent plant lineages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108: 8379-8384. pdf

Christin PA, T Sage, EJ Edwards, RM Ogburn, R Khoshravish, RF Sage. 2011. Complex evolutionary transitions and the significance of C3-C4 intermediate forms of photosynthesis in Molluginaceae. Evolution 65: 643-660. pdf


Ogburn RM, EJ Edwards. 2010. The ecological water-use strategies of succulent plants. invited review, Advances in Botanical Research 55: 179-255. pdf

Davis CC, EJ Edwards, MJ Donoghue. 2010. A clade's eye view of global climate change. in M. A. Bell, D. J. Futuyma, W. F. Eanes, and J. S. Levinton, eds. Evolution since Darwin: the first 150 years. pp. 623-627. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts. pdf

Edwards EJ*, CO Osborne*, CAE Stromberg*, SA Smith and the C4 Grasses Consortium. 2010. The origins of C4 grasslands: integrating evolutionary and ecosystem science. Science 328: 587-591. pdf Supplemental material

*indicates equal authorship

Edwards EJ, SA Smith. 2010. Phylogenetic analyses reveal the shady history of C4 grasses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 107: 2532-2537. pdf Supplemental material


Haberle RC, A Dang, T Lee, C Penaflor, H Cortes-Burns, A Oestreich, L Raubeson, N Cellinese, EJ Edwards, ST Kim, WMM Eddie, RK Jansen. 2009. Taxonomic and biogeographic implications of a phylogenetic analysis of the Campanulaceae based on three chloroplast genes. Taxon 58: 715-734.

Cellinese N, SA Smith, EJ Edwards, ST Kim, RC Haberle, MJ Donoghue. 2009. Historical biogeography of the endemic Campanulaceae of Crete. Journal of Biogeography 36: 1253-1269. pdf

Edwards EJ. 2009. The Great Cacti: Ethnobotany and Biogeography, by David Yetman. Quarterly Review of Biology 83: 00-00.

Ogburn RM and EJ Edwards. 2009. Anatomical variation in the closest relatives of cacti: trait lability and evolutionary innovation. American Journal of Botany 96: 391-408. pdf


Nyffeler R, U Eggli, RM Ogburn, EJ Edwards. 2008. Variations on a theme: repeated evolution of succulent life forms in the Portulacineae. invited paper, Haseltonia 14: 26-36. pdf

Butterworth CA, EJ Edwards. 2008. Investigating Pereskia and the earliest divergences in Cactaceae. invited paper, Haseltonia 14: 46-53. pdf

Edwards EJ, CJ Still. 2008. Climate, phylogeny and the ecological distribution of C4 grasses. Ecology Letters 11: 266-276. pdf

2007 and earlier

Edwards EJ, CJ Still, MJ Donoghue. 2007. The relevance of phylogeny to studies of global climate change. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22: 243-249. pdf

Edwards EJ. 2006. Correlated evolution of stem and leaf hydraulic traits in Pereskia (Cactaceae). New Phytologist 172: 479-489.pdf

Edwards EJ, MJ Donoghue. 2006. Pereskia and the origin of the cactus life form. American Naturalist 167: 777-793. pdf

Edwards EJ, M Diaz. 2006. Ecological physiology of Pereskia guamacho, a cactus with leaves. Plant Cell and Environment 29: 247-256 pdf

Riedel SM, EH Epstein, DA Walker, DL Richardson, MP Calef, EJ Edwards, A Moody. 2005. Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of vegetation properties among four tundra plant communities at Ivotuk, Alaska, USA. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 37: 25-33. pdf

Edwards EJ, R Nyffeler, MJ Donoghue. 2005. Basal cactus phylogeny: implications of Pereskia paraphyly for the transition to the cactus life form. American Journal of Botany 92 (7): 1177-1188. pdf

Brodribb TJ, NM Holbrook, EJ Edwards, MV Gutierrez. 2003. Relations between stomatal closure, leaf turgor and xylem vulnerability in eight tropical dry forest trees. Plant Cell and Environment 26: 443-450. pdf

Walker DA, HE Epstein, JG Jia, A Balsar, CD Copass, EJ Edwards, WA Gould, J Hollingsworth, J Knudson, HA Maier, A Moody, MK Reynolds. 2003. Phytomass, LAI and NDVI in northern Alaska: relationships to summer warmth, soil pH, plant functional types, and extrapolation to the circumpolar Arctic. Journal of Geophysical Research 108 (D2): 8169 doi:10.1029/2001JD000986.

Bell CD, EJ Edwards, ST Kim, MJ Donoghue. 2001. Dipsacales phylogeny based on chloroplast DNA sequences. Harvard Papers in Botany 6: 481-499. pdf