Ability III: Using Basic Science in the Practice of Medicine

The competent graduate logically applies basic scientific principles and concepts in evaluating, identifying, treating and preventing illness.

Criteria for Assessment:

1.  Recognizes a health problem exists

2.  Conceptualizes the pathophysiologic process of the health problem

        -Understands and explains the pathophysiology of the health problem

3.  Conceives and presents a therapeutic plan

        -Defines therapeutic goals in physiologic, molecular and genetic
          terminology if applicable
        -Recognizes all options for treatment including pharmacologic,
          non-pharmacologic and behavioral and understands the
          scientific rationale for each
        -Knows or knows how to look up indications for a given medication
          including its mechanism of action, its dosage(s) and application in
          clinical situations
        -Recognizes and counsels patients on potential drug interactions and
          side effects
        -Has an understanding of pharmacogenetics and its applicability to
          patient care
        -Knows importance of lifestyle modifications in preventing disease
         processes and is able to counsel patients on incorporating these
         modifications
         -Understands the basic statistical principles evaluating the effectiveness
         of a therapeutic regimen at a population level (i.e. attributable risk,
         number to treat, number needed to harm)

4.  Ascertains effectiveness of an applied intervention

        -Determines if pathophysiologic process has been altered by therapy
        -Employs concrete parameters and indicators of therapeutic success
        -Recognizes continued reevaluation of a therapeutic process is necessary

5.  Communicates the pathophysiologic and pharmacologic rationales for the chosen therapy and expected outcomes at a level appropriate for faculty, staff, patients and families