Teacher layoffs and student performance

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – When teacher layoffs are necessary, more than seniority needs to be considered, says PSTC Associate and Assistant Professor of Education Matthew Kraft. In his paper, “Teacher layoffs, teacher quality and student achievement: Evidence from a discretionary layoff policy,” Kraft analyzes layoffs in North Carolina and argues that releasing teachers based only on seniority rather than effectiveness can decrease student achievement, particularly when an effective teacher is laid off. Read more.

(Distributed August 21, 2015)

Brazilian urbanization and public health

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – PSTC Associate and Professor of Sociology John Logan has received a grant to study the “nature of spatial inequality in urban Brazil” in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The study, “Urban Environment and Public Health in Brazil,” will examine how patterns of urbanization from 2000-2010 and the distribution of health resources affect residents. The project is sponsored by the Brown University Office of the Provost.

(Distributed August 20, 2015)

Cell phones and tumors

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – A CNN article on the link between cell phone usage and brain tumors quotes PSTC Associate and Professor of Epidemiology David Savitz. In the article, "Cell phones and risk of brain tumors: What's the real science?" Savitz says, "We know quite a bit (about the risk) actually and it seems extremely unlikely that there is an effect. We are down to the range that there is no risk or a risk that is almost too small to detect."

(Distributed August 19, 2015)

Deliberation and Development

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – A new book co-edited by PSTC Associate and Professor of Sociology Patrick Heller brings together the fields of deliberative democracy and development studies. Deliberation and Development: Rethinking the Role of Voice and Collective Action in Unequal Societies addresses "how deliberation can work in the twin conditions of extreme inequality and low educational levels that characterize the developing world." It is available for free as part of the Equity and Development series published by the World Bank. 

(Distributed August 18, 2015)
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