Research Projects by Region

Gender Inequality in China

PSTC researcher Short joins Juhua Yang of People’s University in Beijing to examine patterns of housework among husbands and wives in China over the period 1989 to 2006.  They find that as of 2006, Chinese wives on average do five times more housework than their husbands, a gender difference that is little changed since 1989.  This study suggests that highly asymmetric housework arrangements can be maintained in settings with high female labor force participation.

The Distribution of Health Insurance in China, 1997-2006

Short and H. Xu, PSTC graduate trainee, examine disparities in health insurance across rural and urban China over the 1997-2006 period. Despite similar levels of health insurance coverage in urban and rural areas by 2006, differences in outpatient and inpatient reimbursement rates suggest continued urban advantage.

Urban Studies and Demography of China

In China, controls on movement of people to urban areas have been more explicit, as they were in apartheid South Africa. This control has altered the trajectory of these cities and created an underclass without full access to relevant service. Logan is building on a long history of work examining population distribution and stratification in Chinese cities. His recent work uses both original surveys and Chinese census microdata to evaluate residential restructuring, disparities in access to housing between local urbanites and migrants, and the development of private housing markets.

Urban Transportation, Land Use, and Growth: Evidence from China, 1995-2010

This project, focusing on China, studies the societal impacts of urban highway and rail infrastructure investments, the biggest (non-defense) public sector investment a country makes. By assembling data on key instrumental variables and policy contexts, Henderson estimates how these choices affect: 1) city population, employment, and GDP growth; 2) urban form, including the spread of developed land by use; 3) environmental outcomes; and 4) urban land-use patterns across residential, commercial, mixed and industrial categories.