Projects in theme: Development, Institutions And Demographic Change

Orphaned & Separated Children’s Assessment Related to their Health & Well-Being

J. Hogan is providing biostatistics expertise on this project, which examines the effects of alternative modes of care such as community-based programs, detention centers, and homes run by NGOs for children in Western Kenya who have been orphaned as a result of AIDS.

Partnership in Improving Adolescent Reproductive Health in Ethiopia

This project focuses on policy-relevant research on adolescent life, physical and reproductive health, and risk taking, with the goal of improving the lives of the next generation of Ethiopian citizens. Partnering U.S. and Ethiopian researchers from Brown, Emory, Jimma, and Haramaya Universities allows the project to improve long-term research capacity through enhanced training programs and communication networks and fostering jointly published scientific and policy papers.

Pentecostalism and AIDS in Nigeria

Smith examines the response of Nigerian Pentecostal churches to the AIDS epidemic, focusing on the intersection between religion and health and offering deeper understandings of the popularity, meanings, and wider societal effects of the fastest-growing religion in Africa's most populous nation.

Population and Economic Recovery in Coastal Aceh: Aid and Village Institutions

This project focuses on coastal villages in post-tsunami Indonesia, examining the ability of local political leaders to carry out public projects through “volunteer work days.” It uses a panel data set containing rich detail on local economic and political institutions, interaction of villages with external institutions, population change, and trauma suffered. Pre-existing social capital, the number of aid projects and the method of aid delivery all strongly affect village volunteerism in 2007, but many effects weakened by 2009.

Rates and Drivers of Land Use Land Cover Change in the Agricultural Frontier of Mato Grosso, Brazil

In this new project, VanWey joins Brown Geosciences Professor John Mustard in leading a team of researchers studying agricultural development in Brazil.  The project focuses on the agricultural frontier of Mato Grosso, where there are not only rapid and large-scale land transformations (ex from natural land cover to agriculture, and from pasture to crop), but also the most rapid population growth in the country, the highest human development index in the country, and dramatic economic growth.

Study of ARIS Usage and Lessons from the ARIS-LOCAL Pilot Phase

Tyler uses objective data in the form of automatically generated web logs to examine how much and in what ways teachers in the New York City school system use ARIS, an online tool designed to deliver student information and test data to teachers in order to inform and improve instructional practice. The study will also examine the extent to which usage is associated with student achievement and school performance.

Teacher Evaluation and Measures of Teacher Effectiveness

Tyler examines the extent to which various classroom practices result in student test score growth and the extent to which going through a rigorous classroom-observation evaluation system impacts teacher effectiveness.

The Cultural Context of Infertility in Southern Nigeria: Meanings, Consequences and Coping Mechanisms

Hollos examines the well-being and social relations of sub-fertile or infertile women in Nigeria.  Two communities are compared: one that is strictly patrilineal versus one that has a mix of patri- and matrilineal practices.  While both sets of women face challenges and are, for example, more likely to be divorced from their first husband than their fertile counterparts, the women in the mixed village have better sources of support. Sub-fertile or infertile women in the patrilineal villages are more likely to migrate, shift occupations, and accumulate wealth.

The Distribution of Health Insurance in China, 1997-2006

Short and H. Xu, PSTC graduate trainee, examine disparities in health insurance across rural and urban China over the 1997-2006 period. Despite similar levels of health insurance coverage in urban and rural areas by 2006, differences in outpatient and inpatient reimbursement rates suggest continued urban advantage.

The Effect of Evaluation on Teacher Performance: Evidence from Longitudinal Student Achievement Data of Mid-career Teachers

Tyler uses rich, longitudinal data from the Cincinnati Public School system to examine the extent to which going through Cincinnati’s rigorous teacher evaluation program increases teacher effectiveness as measured by the ability to increase student test score gains.