School of Professional Studies

Advisory Committee

Transforming Leaders. Transforming Healthcare.

The Executive Master of Healthcare Leadership Advisory Committee is comprised of distinguished healthcare leaders and provides guidance to the program directors to help assure the quality, relevance and impact of the program.

Advisory Committee Members

Chiledum Ahaghotu, MD, MBA, FACS, EMHL

Chiledum Ahaghotu

Associate Dean, Clinical Affairs, Professor and Chair of Urology, Howard University
EMHL Class of 2015

Dr. Ahaghotu received his medical degree at the University of Nigeria, graduating with honors. After completing his civil-service responsibilities, he returned to the United States and joined the urology residency program at the University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics. He also completed an American Cancer Society fellowship in Urologic Oncology while in Iowa. After completing his urologic training, he joined the faculty at Howard University in 1998. He has published extensively in the peer-reviewed publications and secured over three million dollars in research funding during his academic tenure. He holds the inaugural Dr. R. Frank Jones Endowed Professor and Chair of Urology at Howard University and also serves as the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. Dr. Ahaghotu holds adjunct academic appointments in the Departments of Family and Community Medicine as well as Obstetrics and Gynecology. He has provided urologic instruction to countless medical students as the urology clerkship director at Howard University College of Medicine and has nurtured the budding research interests of rising junior medical students in his role as Director of the Matory-Kiernan summer surgical research fellowship.

Dr. Ahaghotu has held numerous key leadership positions regionally and nationally. He served as President of the Howard University Hospital Medical and Dental Staff, Chairman of the Faculty Practice Plan Physicians Advisory Council, President of the Washington Urologic Society, Chair of the urology section of the National Medical Association and President of the R. Frank Jones Urologic Society. He has been an invited participant in the Institute of Medicine Best Practices Innovation Collaborative Panels. Dr. Ahaghotu also served as one of the nine physician members of CMS's Practicing Physicians Advisory Council (PPAC) and currently sits on the American Urologic Association’s Health Policy Council.

Dr. Ahaghotu remains committed to professional development as reflected by his graduate educational pursuits, receiving a Masters in Business Administration in 2013. He is an alumnus of Brown University's Executive Master in Healthcare Leadership program and graduated with the inaugural Class of 2015. 

Peter Andruszkiewicz

Peter Andruszkiewicz

President and Chief Executive Officer, Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Rhode Island

Peter Andruszkiewicz is president and CEO of Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Rhode Island (BCBSRI), the state’s largest health insurer with more than 600,000 members. Andruszkiewicz is leading the nonprofit’s efforts to improve healthcare delivery, quality and affordability in Rhode Island.

Before joining BCBSRI in May 2011, Andruszkiewicz was president of Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of Georgia, where he spent three years successfully leading operations for the state’s largest nonprofit health plan. His 30 years of health insurance expertise include a strong background in sales, marketing and general management at Kaiser, CIGNA HealthCare and Blue Cross & Blue Shield of the National Capital Area (now CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield).

A native of Salem, Massachusetts, Andruszkiewicz graduated from Springfield College in his home state and serves on the college’s board of trustees. He is a member of the board of directors of the Rhode Island Quality Institute, the Greater Providence Chamber of Commerce, the Rhode Island Public Expenditure Council, and the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association. Appointed by Governor Chafee, Andruszkiewicz serves on the Commodores, a group of business and civic leaders dedicated to assisting Rhode Island’s economic development efforts. In addition, he is a member of the advisory committee of the Brown University Executive Master of Healthcare Leadership program.

Andruszkiewicz and his wife live in Rhode Island and have four grown children.

Karen Davis, PhD

Karen Davis, Ph.D.

Director, Roger C. Lipitz Center for Integrated Health Care, Johns Hopkins University

Karen Davis, Ph.D., was previously president of The Commonwealth Fund, a national philanthropy engaged in independent research on health and social policy issues. Dr. Davis has had a distinguished career in public policy and research. Before joining the Fund, she served as chairman of the Department of Health Policy and Management at The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, where she was also a professor of economics. The first woman to head a US Public Health Service agency, she served as deputy assistant secretary for health policy in the US Department of Health and Human Services from 1977-1980. Prior to that, she was a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, a visiting scholar at Harvard University, and an assistant professor of economics at Rice University. She has written extensively on health and social policy issues, including the books Health and the War on Poverty: A Ten Year Appraisal, and National Health Insurance: Benefits, Costs, and Consequences.

Dr. Davis received the Baxter Health Services Research Award in 2000, the AcademyHealth Distinguished Investigator Award and the Picker Award for Excellence in the Advancement of Patient Centered Care in 2006. She has been awarded honorary doctorates from Johns Hopkins University, the University of Maryland Baltimore and Newcastle University in the United Kingdom. She is on the Board of Directors of the Geisinger Health System and Health Plan, an AcademyHealth distinguished fellow, and a member of the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. She was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009 and an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 2011.

Constance A. Howes, FACHE, ESQ

Constance A. Howes, JD, FACHE

Executive Vice President of Women’s Health, Care New England Health Center

Constance A. Howes is Executive Vice President of Women’s Health for Care New England Health System, the health system comprised of Women & Infants Hospital, Butler Hospital, Kent Hospital, Memorial Hospital and the VNA of Care New England.  She recently stepped down after serving for 11 years as President and Chief Executive Officer of Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, the primary teaching affiliate of The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University for obstetrics, gynecology and newborn pediatrics, with over 8400 births annually, as well as a number of specialized programs in women’s medicine.

Since June, 2011, Ms. Howes has served as the chair of the Governor’s Workforce Board, the primary workforce development policy-making body for the State of Rhode Island, with responsibility for developing policies and programs to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the State’s workforce development system, increase the education and skill levels of Rhode Island workers, and address the workforce needs of Rhode Island employers.  She also serves as chair of Innovation Providence, an affiliate of the Greater Providence Chamber of Commerce focused on developing the knowledge economy in Rhode Island.  Ms. Howes was recently elected to the Board of Trustees of the American Hospital Association, the national policy and advocacy organization that represents and serves all types of hospitals, health care networks, and their patients and communities.  She is a past member of the American Hospital Association Regional Policy Board 1, and a past member and past Chair of the American Hospital Association Maternal Child Health Governing Council. 

Ms. Howes is also a member of the Board of Directors of Roger Williams University School of Law, a member of the Board of Trustees of the Greater Providence Chamber of Commerce and the Rhode Island Public Expenditure Council, a member of Providence College President’s Council, and the Rhode Island Commodores.  She previously served on the NIH Advisory Committee on Women’s Health Research and the executive group of CWISH, the Council of Women and Infants Specialty Hospitals. 

Ms. Howes graduated magna cum laude from Kenyon College and received her J.D. degree from the University of Virginia School of Law.  She is married to R. Kelly Sheridan, a lawyer in Providence, and they are the parents of two adult children.

Brian Napolitano, EMHL

William Looney

Lead Medical Dosimetrist, Massachusetts General Hospital
EMHL Class of 2015

Brian Napolitano, EMHL, CMD is the Manager of Photon Medical Dosimetry in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.  In addition, Mr. Napolitano has previously served as an Adjunct Faculty Member in the MGH/Suffolk University Joint Program in Radiation Sciences since 2005.  He is a member of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists, serving as a representative of their Government Relations Committee.  Mr. Napolitano also serves on the Suffolk University Medical Dosimetry Program Advisory Committee, the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Task Group on Patient Record Quality Assurance, and several committees within the MGH Department of Radiation Oncology.  Mr. Napolitano received his BS in Biological Sciences from the State University of New York at Binghamton in 2000 and earned certification from the Medical Dosimetry Certification Board in 2006. He is an alumnus of Brown University's Executive Master in Healthcare Leadership program and graduated with the inaugural Class of 2015. 

William Looney, MPA

William Looney

Editor in Chief, Pharmaceutical Executive magazine

William Looney is the Editor in Chief of Pharmaceutical Executive magazine, a monthly print and weekly on-line publication with a circulation of approximately 70,000 focused on the “c suite” concerns of senior managers in the biopharmaceutical industry. In addition to editorial content, he is responsible for supporting the magazine through related educational media activities and serving as a thought leader in contacts between the magazine and a wide variety of organizations.

He is a contributor to other major publications, ranging from the Wall Street Journal to Nature, and is a recipient of the American Business Media Association Jesse H. Neal award for excellence in business commentary. Prior to joining Pharmaceutical Executive in August 2009, Mr. Looney served for 11 years as Senior Director at Pfizer, Inc. where he managed the company’s public policy issue development, positioning and advocacy activities outside the US. In that capacity, he worked closely with governments, international organizations and the academic and think tank community; coordinated Pfizer CEO relationships with the World Economic Forum, Japan’s Nikkei Management Forum and other policy groups; and chaired committees of key biopharma trade associations, including PhRMA and the IFPMA.

Earlier in his career, he served as an internal communications manager and speech writer at Warner Lambert Company in both the US and in Europe as well as a senior editor for the Economist Intelligence Unit, where he was responsible for the consumer issues and management practices beat. He has also been a consultant to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development [OECD] in Paris and is the author of numerous research papers and studies focused on the relationship between product and process innovation and public health.

He is a graduate of Connecticut College and holds a Master’s degree from the School of International and Public Affairs of Columbia University.

Robert Restuccia, MPA

Robert Restuccia

Executive Director, Community Catalyst

Robert Restuccia is the Executive Director of Community Catalyst, a national advocacy organization that is building consumer and community participation in the shaping of our health system. Through Rob’s leadership Community Catalyst has become a national voice for consumers on health issues and is working with advocates in over 40 states to provide the knowledge, resources, and strategic advice they need to effectively bring the consumer perspective to health care policy. Community Catalyst played an important role in the passage of the Affordable Care Act and now administers the ACA Fund, a collaboration of seven national foundations which supports the work of state level consumer organizations in implementing the law. Community Catalyst is currently the national program for Consumer National Program for Consumer Voices for Coverage and Roadmaps to Health and leads numerous other national projects related to health access, cost and quality.

Prior to joining Community Catalyst, Rob was a co-founder and Executive Director of Health Care For All in Massachusetts. There he led successful campaigns to expand health coverage that served as models for state and national health care policy change. During his tenure, Health Care For All grew to become one of the largest and most effective state consumer health care organizations in the country.

He is a founder and was the first President of the Commonwealth Care Alliance, a not-for-profit health care delivery system which is a pioneer in providing integrated care for seniors and others who have chronic disease and complex needs, and currently serves on its Board of Directors. He also serves on the Board of Directors of the Herndon Alliance, Health Care For All, and the Blue Cross Blue Shield Foundation of Massachusetts.

He has a bachelor’s degree from Harvard and master’s degree from the Kennedy School of Government. Restuccia is an adjunct professor at the Boston University School of Public Health.

Russell Ricci, MD

Chair, Advisory Board for Meditech & e Health Initiative

Russell J. Ricci, MD, (Dr. Russ Ricci) chairs the Advisory Board for Meditech, a private healthcare information systems company and was previously the Chief Medical and Strategy officer for HealthSTAR Communications, a private company that is the nation’s second largest healthcare marketing services company.   

He was previously the general manager of IBM’s Healthcare Industry, a multi-billion dollar global business unit.  Dr. Ricci provided leadership to a diverse IBM team delivering information technology solutions to payors, providers and pharmaceutical companies.  In addition, Dr. Ricci was responsible for the marketing and strategy for IBM’s healthcare industry.  Under Dr. Ricci’s direction, IBM healthcare focused on industry transformation and the implementation of e- business solutions.

Dr. Ricci is also the chair emeritus and past president of the e Health Initiative, a membership organization comprised of more than 100 leading health care organizations that was created to provide a unified voice for the health care industry on information technology-related issues. With a mission to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of the health care system through the use of information technology, its members represent many of the stakeholders in the health care industry, including technology organizations, health systems, health care providers, pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturers, service providers, nonprofit organizations and trade associations, governmental and research institutions.  He is also past Vice Chair of Connecting for Health, a not for profit organization funded by the Markle and Robert Wood Johnson Foundations.

Prior to joining IBM in 1996, Dr. Ricci was president of the New Health Ventures at Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Massachusetts where he led corporate venture capital and new technology initiatives.  While at New Health Ventures, he was responsible for the successful development and deployment of several award-winning technologies, including: HealthNavigator, labeled by the press as the nation’s first healthcare ATM; Account Link, an automated health plan enrollment system; and HealthWire, a real-time system deployed in 7,000 doctor’s offices throughout the state to streamline clinical, financial and administrative indemnity and managed care processes for providers and patients.

Dr. Ricci also has extensive experience in working with emerging technology companies including as a Director at DailyRX and RxWiki and with American Health Capital and Voluntary Hospitals of America (VHA), where he provided leadership to several of the VHA’s ambulatory services companies in psychiatry, home healthcare, mobile diagnostics, and physician services. Prior to his tenure at the VHA, Dr. Ricci held a number of executive and clinical positions with other organizations.

Dr. Ricci received his medical training in child psychiatry at Harvard University and is a former associate chairman and assistant clinical professor at Boston University School of Medicine.

George Thibault, MD

George Thibault, MD

President, Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation

George E. Thibault, MD became the seventh president of the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation in January 2008. Immediately prior to that, he served as Vice President of Clinical Affairs at Partners Healthcare System in Boston and Director of the Academy at Harvard Medical School (HMS). He was the first Daniel D. Federman Professor of Medicine and Medical Education at HMS and is now the Federman Professor, Emeritus.

Dr. Thibault previously served as Chief Medical Officer at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and as Chief of Medicine at the Harvard affiliated Brockton/West Roxbury VA Hospital. He was Associate Chief of Medicine and Director of the Internal Medical Residency Program at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). At the MGH he also served as Director of the Medical ICU and the Founding Director of the Medical Practice Evaluation Unit.

For nearly four decades at HMS, Dr. Thibault played leadership roles in many aspects of undergraduate and graduate medical education. He played a central role in the New Pathway Curriculum reform and was a leader in the new Integrated Curriculum reform at HMS. He was the Founding Director of the Academy at HMS, which was created to recognize outstanding teachers and to promote innovations in medical education. Throughout his career he has been recognized for his roles in teaching and mentoring medical students, residents, fellows and junior faculty. In addition to his teaching, his research has focused on the evaluation of practices and outcomes of medical intensive care and variations in the use of cardiac technologies.

Dr. Thibault is Chairman of the Board of the MGH Institute of Health Professions, and he serves on the Board of the New York Academy of Sciences, the New York Academy of Medicine, the Institute on Medicine as a Profession, and the Lebanese American University. He serves on the President’s White House Fellows Commission and for twelve years he chaired the Special Medical Advisory Group for the Department of Veteran’s Affairs. He is past President of the Harvard Medical Alumni Association and Past Chair of Alumni Relations at HMS. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Thibault graduated summa cum laude from Georgetown University in 1965 and magna cum laude from Harvard Medical School in 1969. He completed his internship and residency in Medicine and fellowship in Cardiology at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). He also trained in Cardiology at the National Heart and Lung Institute in Bethesda and at Guys Hospital in London, and served as Chief Resident in Medicine at MGH.

Dr. Thibault has been the recipient of numerous awards and honors from Georgetown (Ryan Prize in Philosophy, Alumni Prize, and Cohongaroton Speaker) and Harvard (Alpha Omega Alpha, Henry Asbury Christian Award and Society of Fellows). He has been a visiting Scholar both at the Institute of Medicine and Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government and a Visiting Professor of Medicine at numerous medical schools in the U.S. and abroad.

Donato Tramuto

Donato Tramuto

CEO and President of Healthways, Inc.

As President and Chief Executive Officer of Healthways, Inc., since 2015, Donato J. Tramuto brings more than 35 years of healthcare experience as a recognized innovator and industry leader. Tramuto has a deep commitment to global healthcare access, a steadfast focus on patient outcomes, and a keen understanding of digital engagement solutions that will advance Healthways’ position as the established market leader in population health man­agement and well-being improvement solutions, both domestically and internationally.

Tramuto became a member of Healthways board of directors in 2013 and Chairman of the Board in 2014. He is the founder of Physicians Interactive Holdings, a global provider of insight-driven digital engagement solutions for healthcare professionals and consumers, where he served as CEO and Chairman prior to joining Healthways. Under his leadership, Physicians Interactive was successfully sold to Merck Global Health Innovation Fund in 2013.

Tramuto has expertise in both the product and service segments of the healthcare industry and has held executive positions with Allscripts, i3 (a division of Ingenix, a UnitedHealth Group company) and Protocare, a large provider of drug development services, which he co-founded. Earlier in his career, Tramuto championed the development of a national disease management program for HIV/AIDS as an executive at Caremark.

 Tramuto is committed to improving healthcare access, education and quality of life for in­dividuals around the world. In 2011, he founded Health eVillages, a non-profit organiza­tion which provides state-of-the-art mobile health technology to medical professionals in the most challenging clinical environments. He is also the Chairman and Founder of the Tramuto Foundation, which helps individuals and organizations achieve their educational and healthcare goals, and has supported more than 50 organizations worldwide since 2001.

Tramuto has been widely recognized for his professional and philanthropic contributions. In 2014, he was honored alongside Hillary Clinton, Robert DeNiro, and Tony Bennett, with the prestigious Robert F. Kennedy Ripple of Hope Award for his more than three decade commitment to social change.

In addition, he has been recognized by the New York Times, PharmaVoice, The Boston Globe, Healthcare IT News, and PM 360 magazine for his role as a healthcare leader, innovator and global healthcare activist. In 2015, Tramuto was awarded an honorary doctorate of humane letters from the College of Fine Arts at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell in recognition of his contributions.

Tramuto serves on several executive leadership boards: The Boston University School of Public Health, Brown University Healthcare Leadership Board, York Community Hospital Board of Trustees, Chairman of the Physicians Interactive Board of Directors, and Chairman of the Board of Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice & Human Rights Europe.

Stephen Weiner, LLB

Stephen Weiner

Chair, Health Law Practice, Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, P.C.

Steve chairs Mintz Levin’s Health Law Section. He has had over 30 years of experience in the health care field as a policy maker, educator, and attorney. He represents health care services providers in a broad array of legal matters, including strategic positioning; structuring payer strategies and clinical integration initiatives; and mergers, acquisitions, strategic affiliations, “demergers,” and joint venture arrangements, including arrangements between tax-exempt and for-profit organizations.

He has also participated in a number of international health care activities, including structuring the health care regulatory system for the Dubai Healthcare City, where he now also serves on the licensing board, and representing a number of organizations engaged in the medical tourism industry. In Massachusetts, Steve has been very active in matters relating to the development and implementation of the Commonwealth’s signature health care reform program and in implementing the initiative to create a statewide interoperable electronic health record system, using both state and federal stimulus legislation funds.

In addition, Steve represents health care providers in developing, monitoring, and restructuring relationships between hospitals and physicians; regulatory and reimbursement matters, including licensure, certification and determination (certificate) of need proceedings, managed care contracting, Medicare reimbursement and appeals, and Medicaid and uncompensated care pool reimbursement; fraud and abuse and Stark Law counseling; general contracting; and, for academic medical centers specifically, clinical research, conflict of interest, relationships with affiliated medical schools, and relationships with federally qualified community health centers.

Steve also works extensively with the U.S. Department of Defense on matters relating to the TRICARE and the operations of the US Family Health Plan program.

Steve has been serving as the president of the HealthWell Foundation since its formation. HealthWell is a tax-exempt organization that provides patient assistance and premium support for persons receiving costly medical treatment and drug therapies. He is a member of the board and chairs the compensation committee of the Physicians of Tufts Medical Center, Inc., the parent organization of the faculty practice foundations of Tufts Medical Center. Since its inception, Steve serves as pro bono legal counsel to the Schwartz Center for Compassionate Healthcare, a foundation promoting compassionate care and more effective communications between patients and caregivers.

Steve serves on the advisory board of the Medical Tourism Association, a nonprofit association promoting the use of high-quality global resources to care for residents from a variety of geographical areas, and of the Center for Medical Tourism Research, based at the University of the Incarnate Word, in San Antonio, Texas.

Steve is currently an adjunct law professor at Suffolk University School of Law, where he teaches a course on corporate transactions in the health care field, focusing on the constraints on business decisions by health care entities created by the application of antitrust law, fraud and abuse of Stark rules, and the laws affecting organizations that are nonprofit and tax-exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Steve also serves as a regional representative on the Yale Law School Association Executive Committee. Steve has served as the chairman of the Massachusetts Rate Setting Commission, special assistant to the Governor of Massachusetts for health policy, associate law professor at Boston University School of Law, director of the Boston University School of Law Center for Law and Health Sciences, and visiting lecturer at Yale Law School and Boston University School of Law. He lectures regularly on health care issues and is often quoted in the media on current developments and trends in the health care field.

Steve has been a member of the boards of the Beth Israel Hospital of Boston and Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, an incorporator of Massachusetts General Hospital and of Partners HealthCare System, Inc., a director of the AIDS Action Committee of Massachusetts and of the Massachusetts chapter of the Healthcare Financial Management Association, a member of the House of Delegates of Easter Seals Massachusetts and a board member of the Massachusetts Health Council.

Outside of the health care field, Steve is currently a member of the board of trustees of Opera Boston, American Lyric Theatre in New York City, and the Conservatory Lab Charter School Foundation, a support organization to a charter school developed in conjunction with the New England Conservatory of Music. He has in the past served as a trustee of the Huntington Theatre Company of Boston, of the Conservatory Lab Charter School, and of the Boston Ballet, where he served as treasurer for six years.

Steve was named “Lawyer of the Year” for 2011 for Health Care Law in Boston by Best Lawyers. He is also a 2011 recipient of the Good Guy award from the Massachusetts Women’s Political Caucus for his promotion of equality for women in the workplace. In 2009, Steve was named one of ten Outstanding Hospital Lawyers nationally by Nightingale’s Healthcare News. In 2008, he was selected by Massachusetts Medical Law Report as a winner of its Rx for Excellence Leaders in Quality award. Steve has been listed in the health law section of The Best Lawyers in America since the section originated. He is listed in Who’s Who in America, as well as in Massachusetts Super Lawyers, published by Boston Magazine. He is also nationally ranked by Chambers USA: America’s Leading Lawyers for Business for his strategic and policy work, and in the 2011 edition, he was recognized as a leading health care lawyer in Massachusetts.

Steve is a graduate of Harvard College, magna cum laude, and of Yale Law School.

Gail Wilensky, PhD

Gail Wilensky, Ph.D.

Economist and Senior Fellow, Project HOPE

Gail R. Wilensky, Ph.D. is an economist and senior fellow at Project HOPE, an international health foundation. She directed the Medicare and Medicaid programs and served in the White House as a senior adviser on health and welfare issues to President GHW Bush. She was also the first chair of the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. Her expertise is on strategies to reform health care, with particular emphasis on Medicare, comparative effectiveness research and military health care.

Dr. Wilensky currently serves as a trustee of the Combined Benefits Fund of the United Mine Workers of America and the National Opinion Research Center, is on the Board of Regents of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS), the Visiting Committee of the Harvard Medical School and the Board of Directors of the Geisinger Health System Foundation. She is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and has served two terms on its governing council. She is a former chair of the board of directors of Academy Health, a former trustee of the American Heart Association and a current or former director of numerous other non-profit organizations. She is also a director of Brainscope, Quest Diagnostics and United HealthGroup. Dr. Wilensky testifies frequently before Congressional committees, serves as an adviser to members of Congress and other elected officials, and speaks nationally and internationally. She received a bachelor’s degree in psychology and a Ph.D. in economics at the University of Michigan and has received several honorary degrees.