Research

EEG study: Brain infers structure, rules of tasks

The advantage of structure

“It is efficient to generalize if there is structure," one researcher said, “and there usually is structure.” The frontal cortex, it turns out, learns or infers rules and structure that may help with subsequent tasks. Credit: Frank lab/Brown University

A new study documents the brain activity underlying our strong tendency to infer a structure of context and rules when learning new tasks (even when a structure isn’t valid). The findings, which revealed individual differences, shows how we try to apply task knowledge to similar situations and could inform future research on learning disabilities.