Mark M. Pitt

Mark M. Pitt
Professor of Population Studies and
Professor Emeritus of Economics

Mark M. Pitt is former Director of the Population Studies and Training Center and a Senior Fellow of the Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD).  Pitt is a leading economic demographer. He focuses on theoretically informed analysis of demographic and health-related behaviors of households, primarily in the developing world. Issues of gender and intra-household resource allocation are central themes. Pitt’s recent research has focused on the hidden costs of arsenic contaminated water on direct measures of cognitive and physical capabilities as well as on the schooling attainment, occupational structure, entrepreneurship and incomes of the rural Bangladesh population, the effects of targeted micro-credit programs on household resource allocation; spatial and intergenerational mobility in rural Bangladesh; the household division of labor and health; and the effects of investments in children on their outcomes as adults.  He will be out of the country for most of the 2012/13 academic year.

Replications of Pitt and Khandker (1998):  Papers, Data, and Code are here


 Pitt, Mark M.  "Re-Re-Reply to “The Impact of Microcredit on the Poor in Bangladesh: Revisiting the Evidence", World Bank Policy Research Paper 6801, March 2014.  (This is the long version of   Pitt, Mark M. "Response to ‘The Impact of Microcredit on the Poor in Bangladesh: Revisiting the Evidence’," Journal of Development Studies, in press 2014

Pitt, Mark M., Mark R. Rosenzweig and Nazmul Hassan. "Identifying the Hidden Costs of a Public Health Success:  Arsenic Well Water Contamination and Productivity in Bangladesh," May 2013

Pitt, Mark M., Mark R. Rosenzweig, and Nazmul Hassan.   Human Capital Investment and the Gender Division of Labor in a Brawn-Based Economy, The American Economic Review, 2012 (Dec.), 102(7): 3531–3560.

Pitt, Mark M. "Replicating Replication:  Due Diligence in Roodman and Morduch’s Replication of Pitt and Khandker (1998)," World Bank Working Paper No. 6273, November 2012

Pitt, Mark M.   "Gunfight at the NOT OK Corral: Reply to "High Noon for Microfinance" by Duvendack and Palmer-Jones (Uncut version)" , July 2012

Pitt, Mark M.   "Gunfight at the NOT OK Corral: Reply to "High Noon for Microfinance" by Duvendack and Palmer-Jones (Short version)" , The Journal of Development Studies,Vol. 48, No. 12, 1886–1891, December 2012

Pitt, Mark M., "Overidentification Tests and Causality:  A Second Response to Roodman and Morduch”  April 8, 2011 (do and dta files)

Pitt, Mark M., Response to Roodman and Morduch’s “The Impact of Microcredit on the Poor in Bangladesh:  Revisiting the Evidence” March 2011
             Stata do and dta files used in this response are found here (zip file)

Pitt, Mark M., Mark R. Rosenzweig, and Nazmul Hassan. Short- and Long-Term Health Effects of Burning Biomass in the Home in Low-Income Countries ,Dec 2010.

Pitt, Mark M. and Nidhiya Menon.  Spatial Decentralization and Program Evaluation:  Theory and an Example from Indonesia, Sep 2010.

Pitt, Mark M., Shahidur R. Khandker, and Jennifer Cartwright. Empowering Women with Micro-finance: Evidence from Bangladesh. Economic Development and Cultural Change, July 2006, 791-831.

Pitt, Mark M., Shahidur R. Khandker, Omar Haider Chowdhury, and Daniel Millimet. Credit Programs for the Poor and the Health Status of Children in Rural Bangladesh. International Economic Review, 44:1, February 2003, 87-118.


Pitt, Mark Pitt, Mark M. and Shahidur R. Khandker. Credit Programs for the Poor and Seasonality in Rural BangladeshJournal of Development Studies, 39:2, Dec. 2002, 1-24.


Pitt, Mark M.  The Effect of Nonagricultural Self-Employment Credit on Contractual Relations and Employment in Agriculture: The Case of Microcredit Programs in Bangladesh , Bangladesh Development Studies, June-Sept 2000, 15-48.


Pitt, Mark M., S. Khandker, S-M. McKernan, and M. A. Latif. "Credit Programs for the Poor and Reproductive Behavior in Low Income Countries: Are the Reported Causal Relationships the Result of Heterogeneity Bias? " Demography, February 1999, 1-21.


Pitt, Mark M. and Shahidur Khandker. The Impact of Group-Based Credit on Poor Households in Bangladesh: Does the Gender of Participants Matter? Journal of Political Economy, October 1998, 958-996.


Pitt, Mark M.  Estimating the Determinants of Child Health When Fertilty and Mortality are Selective . Journal of Human Resources, Winter 1997, 127-158.


Pitt, Mark M., Mark R. Rosenzweig, and Md. Nazmul Hassan. "Productivity, Health and Inequality in the Intra-household Distribution of Food in Low-Income Countries ," (with), American Economic Review, December 1990, 1139-1156.


Lee, Lung-Fei and Mark M. Pitt. "Microeconometric Demand Systems with Binding Non-Negativity Constraints: The Dual Approach, Econometrica: 54:5 (1986), 1237-1242.


Pitt, Mark M. "Equity, Externalities and Energy Subsidies: The Case of Kerosene in Indonesia ," Journal of Development Economics, 17 (1985), 201-217.


Pitt, Mark M. " Food Preferences and Nutrition in Rural Bangladesh ," The Review of Economics and Statistics, LXV, 1983, 105-114, Spanish translation in Desarollo Rural en Las Americas.


Pitt, Mark M. and Lung-Fei Lee. "The Measurement and Sources of Technical Inefficiency in the Indonesian Weaving Industry," Journal of Development Economics, 9 (1981), 43-64.


Pitt, Mark M. Smuggling and Price Disparity, Journal of International Economics, 11 (1981), 447-458.


Pitt, Mark M. and Wendy Sigle. "Seasonality, Weather Shocks and the Timing of Births and Child Mortality in Senegal", January 1998 .


"Reply to Jonathan Morduch's "Does Microfinance Really Help the Poor? New Evidence from Flagship Programs in Bangladesh", October 14, 1999. (Stata do file from appendix)