Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
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Cyril of Alexandria (376-444) became the Patriarch of Alexandria in 412 and served until his death, in 444. Shortly after his rise to power, he was responsible for the persecution of pagans and Jews within Alexandria and the murder of the pagan philosopher Hypatia occurred under his regime. During the First Council of Ephesus (which was ordered by Pope Theodosius II) in 431, he entered a conflict with Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, over the nature of Christ. Nestorius argued that Christ had two natures, and was condemned at heretic by the council. However, Theodosius II rejected the verdict and sent forces to arrest Cyril, who was able to escape. Cyril then sent a mob demanding Nestorius' punishment to Theodosius' palace. Theodosius eventually gave in and sent Nestorius into exile. This series of events resulted in a major schism within the church, which later fueled more debates regarding the nature of Christ.
Posted at Dec 06/2010 03:05PM:
ian: He in many ways symbolized the tension between the power of the patriarch and the secular governor appointed by Constantinople and other voices of authority.