Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
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A Faqih was a scholar of Islamic law. Found in both the Sunni and Shia traditions, the fuqaha were responsible for interpreting the laws of Islam found in the Qur'an and other sacred scripture and documents. They held a fairly prominent place in cities that prided themselves on learning and religion, such as Fustat, and were responsible for weighing in on issues of religion and justice.
Posted at Dec 06/2010 03:10PM:
ian: Fiqh was the preeminent Islamic science for Sunnis thus giving these practitioners significant authority in shaping the social practices of the community. See entry on ulema.