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Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology

 

 

Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
Brown University
Box 1837 / 60 George Street
Providence, RI 02912
Telephone: (401) 863-3188
Fax: (401) 863-9423
[email protected]



Posted at Oct 21/2010 10:37AM:
Ian B: Waqf (pl. awqaf): Charitable institutions in Cairo known to have provided a myriad of services from food to replacement of material items. These institutions are usually started as gifts of property from wealthy patrons, which would otherwise have been unused. These areas are tax exempt and allow wealthy elite would usurp the ability of the government to give to subjects and therfore gain subjects respect which is a large source of the caliphate's power.