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Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology



Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
Brown University
Box 1837 / 60 George Street
Providence, RI 02912
Telephone: (401) 863-3188
Fax: (401) 863-9423
[email protected]

This term refers to the local customs of land and labor division at the village level that existed before the Arab conquest.   It is especially important because of its role in the iqta system.  Where there was no ruling from Islamic law to govern the distribution of land, it was the old customs that were used.  They varied from  place to place  and were subject to change as the iqta system changed  Egyptian agriculture, but still relied on native practices alongside the new Islamic government.

-Sophie VH