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Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology



Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
Brown University
Box 1837 / 60 George Street
Providence, RI 02912
Telephone: (401) 863-3188
Fax: (401) 863-9423
[email protected]


In Egypt, starting in the Ayyubid period (1169–1250CE), agricultural land was mainly leased for a limited time for a contracted sum of money in what was known as the muqa'ṭ'a'ʿ'ah system. Therefore, the muq'ṭ'aʿ was a person who owned the lease for that land. The power of the muq'ṭ'aʿ was strictly limited by extensive state controls and a deliberate distribution of land so as to avoid monopoly by any one muqṭaʿ.

Timothy Sandiford

Posted at Dec 06/2010 03:46PM:
ian: Important is the role that this individual played in organizing village labor and also the maintenance of the irrigation infrastructure.