Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
Box 1837 / 60 George Street
Providence, RI 02912
Telephone: (401) 863-3188
Fax: (401) 863-9423
an oasis in southwestern Egypt, representative of settlement outside the more common areas of population (cities, the Fayyum, the Nile Valley). Situated in a marginal region, its expansion and decline commonly reflects the larger changes in the political or economic demographics of Egypt.