Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
Box 1837 / 60 George Street
Providence, RI 02912
Telephone: (401) 863-3188
Fax: (401) 863-9423
A judiciary of the regional or central court who rules in accordance with Islamic religious law. They deal with all legal matters of the Muslim population, both religious and secular, including criminal and court cases. They are appointed by the ruler of the country. This group eventually grew to include the ulema after that system broke down during the Abassid dynasty.
Posted at Dec 06/2010 04:07PM:
ian: A key institution in the management of civil affairs that was increasingly under the control of the ruling authority rather than the scholarly elite.