Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
Box 1837 / 60 George Street
Providence, RI 02912
Telephone: (401) 863-3188
Fax: (401) 863-9423
CLAS 0210 0/ ARCH 0200 Sport in the Ancient Greek World (First-Year Seminar)
Athletics and sports were as popular and significant in the ancient Greek world as they are today, and so offer an excellent introduction to its archaeology and history. This class will discuss the development of Greek athletics, the nature of individual events, the social implications of athletic professionalism, women and athletics, and the role of sport in Greek education.
MWF 12:00-12:50 pm. Rhode Island Hall 008
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Sport in the Ancient Greek World
Spring Semester 2010
Classics / Archaeology and the Ancient World
Class: MWF 12-12:50 pm, 008 Rhode Island Hall
Instructor: Professor John Cherry
Phone: 863-6412; e-mail: [email protected]
Office Hours: Monday 2-4 p.m. (or by appointment)
Office: Room 105 Rhode Island Hall
Class wiki site: [link]
Athletics and sports were as popular and significant in the ancient Greek world as they are today, and so offer a good introduction to many aspects of Greek culture over the centuries. Illustrated lectures, reinforced and amplified by readings from ancient and modern writers, as well as by discussion in class, will introduce you to such topics as: the development of Greek athletics, sites where games were held, the nature of individual events, and social implications such as athletic professionalism, women and athletics, the role of sport in Greek education, etc. Wider cultural aspects to be explored include the religious, political, and economic contexts of athletics; how their ideology found expression in literature and the visual arts; issues of class, gender, nationalism, and ethnicity; and, of course, whether the modern Olympic Games are anything like the ancient ones. You will encounter the primary data drawn from archaeology, art, and literature, and read modern studies of this ancient evidence.
None (but any previous courses in Classics, Archaeology and the Ancient World, or Ancient Studies will help... )
Grades will be based on:
• take-home Midterm Exam (20%, issued March 12, due March 15)
• Final Exam (25%)
• three short quizzes (5% each, Feb. 19, Mar. 26, and Apr. 16)
• one Internet-based assignment (10%, due Mar. 22)
• one short (8-10 pages) term paper (20%, due May 7)
• attendance, active participation, office hours (10%)
• The essay-based, take-home, Midterm Exam will be handed out in class on Friday March 12, and will be due at the following class (Monday March 15). The Final Exam (2 hours) will consist of a combination of visual and verbal identifications, plus an essay.
• Your short paper will be based on a topic agreed upon with me in advance (you will need to come to office hours to discuss it) and should provide a detailed discussion of some aspect of sport in the ancient world. Since this paper is not due until near the end of the Reading Period, there is no acceptable excuse for late papers.
• Readings from the required textbooks have been sequenced to correspond, approximately, to the topics I shall be presenting in class at, or soon after, the time you’ll be reading them. I expect you to do these readings regularly by the stated deadlines (see below), and to come to class prepared to discuss them in an informed manner; your active participation in discussion will count towards your final grade.
Provisional Course Outline:
Jan. 27 Introduction to the class and logistical matters. The nature of sport. Olympic facts and myths.
Jan. 29 The ancient games as ritual and politics.
Feb. 1 The prehistory of Greek sport: Minoan and Mycenaean.
Feb. 3 Sport in Homer and the epic tradition.
Feb. 5 The origins of Greek athletic festivals.
Feb. 8 Olympia, the Olympic games and its athletic program.
Feb. 10 Video: The Real Olympics, Part I.
Feb. 12 Discussion
Feb. 15 Spectators and facilities at the site of Olympia.
Feb. 17 Athletic events I: running and jumping
Feb. 19 Quiz 1. Experimental archaeology: Video, Nemea and the hysplex.
Feb. 22 No class — Brown Long Weekend.
Feb. 24 Athletic events II: the pentathlon.
Feb. 26 Athletic events III: combat sports and equestrian events.
Mar. 1 Festivals other than the Olympics: the rise of the periodos.
Mar. 3 The games at Delphi.
Mar. 5 The games at Isthmia and Nemea.
Mar. 8 Rules, officials, judges, bribery, and corruption.
Mar. 10 Gymnasia, training, trainers, and athletic diets.
Mar. 12 Ancient sports anecdotes.
Take-home Midterm Exam issued.
Mar. 15 Civic athletics: the Panathenaia of Athens, I.
Take-home Midterm Exam due.
Mar. 17 Civic athletics: the Panathenaia of Athens, II.
Mar. 19 What happened if you won? II: Victors’ statues, politics.
Mar. 22 What happened if you won? II: Victory poetry
Internet assignment due
Mar. 24 Women and ancient Greek sport.
Mar. 26 Quiz 2. Opening ceremonies (discussion).
Mar. 29 Spring Break: No classes.
Mar. 31 Spring Break: No classes.
Apr. 2 Spring Break: No classes.
Apr. 5 Sport and the erotic.
Apr. 7 The issue of nudity.
Apr. 9 Hellenistic athletics and the internationalization of sport.
Apr. 12 What did the Romans do with Greek sport?
Apr. 14 Dissenting voices: ancient critics of athletes and the games.
Apr. 16 Quiz 3. Discussion
Apr. 19 Video: The Real Olympics, Part II.
Apr. 21 Into the modern era: transformation of the ancient Olympics.
Apr. 23 Modern myths of Olympic amateurism and professionalism.
Apr. 26 Dangerous Olympics: Nazism and Riefenstahl’s Olympia video. Discussion
Apr. 28 Wrap-up and review for final exam.
Apr. 30 Reading Period begins
May 7 (5 p.m.) Written paper due
May 11-21 Exam Period
(1) Stephen G. Miller, ARETE: Greek Sports from Ancient Sources (3rd edn., Berkeley 2004, paperback)
(2) Stephen G. Miller, Ancient Greek Athletics (Yale, 2004, hardback)
(3) Judith Swaddling, The Ancient Olympic Games (2nd edn., Texas 2002, paperback)
(4) David C. Young, A Brief History of the Olympic Games (Blackwell 2004, paperback)
•All four books are available at the Brown Bookstore
Schedule of readings from required textbooks:
Arete = Stephen G. Miller, ARETE: Greek Sports from Ancient Sources
Miller = Stephen G. Miller, Ancient Greek Athletics
Swaddling = Judith Swaddling, The Ancient Olympic Games
Young = David C. Young, A Brief History of the Olympic Games
Week 1 Miller, chs. 1-3; Young, ch. 1
Week 2 Miller, ch. 6; Arete, ch. I; Young, ch. 2
Week 3 Swaddling, chs. 1-5; Young, ch. 5
Week 4 Swaddling, chs. 6-8; Young, ch. 3
Week 5 Miller, ch. 4; Arete, ch. III; Young, ch. 4
Week 6 Miller, ch. 5
Week 7 Miller, ch. 7; Arete, ch. IV; Young, chs. 7-8
Week 8 Miller, chs. 10-11; Arete, chs. V and VI; Young, ch. 6
Week 9 Miller, ch. 8; Arete, chs. VIII and X; Young, chs. 9-10
Week 10 Spring Break. Arete, chs. II and VII
Week 11 Miller, chs. 9 and 12; Young, ch. 11
Week 12 Arete, chs. XI and XII; Young, ch. 12
Week 13 Miller, chs. 13-16; Arete, chs. XIII-XV; Young, ch. 13
Week 14 Swaddling, ch. 9
• A selection of key books on topics relating to ancient Greek sport, in its widest sense, will be placed on reserve in the non-circulating library on the second floor of the Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World (Rhode Island Hall).
• You will use The Perseus Digital Library (a huge text and image database of ancient Greek civilization, accessible at http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/ ). I will direct you to, and encourage you to make use of, other resources available on the Web, including a few on-line articles. Here are some links to start with (mostly about ancient Olympic Games, but with much information about ancient sport in general)
The Ancient Olympics: A Special Exhibit of the Perseus Digital Library Project
[The Real Story of the Ancient Olympic Games, from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology]
Official website of the Olympic movement
The Olympic Games in the Ancient Hellenic World: A Virtual Museum, from Dartmouth College
Press clippings and weblinks about the Ancient and Modern Games
Ancient Olympics Guide, from Archaeology magazine