John Carter Brown Library

Indian Languages Database

Record Details


Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815.

New views of the origin of the tribes and nations of America.

Philadelphia: Printed for the author by John Bioren, 1797

Physical Description: xii, cix, [3], 83, [1] p. ; 22 cm (8vo)

Call number: D797/ B293n

Accession number: 35654

Notes: Contains a 54-item comparative vocabulary (p. 1-83, 4th group) listing equivalents in several dozen different Indian languages for each object or concept (primarily substantives). Occasional samples of Eurasian languages are included for comparison. The list is preceded by a “Preliminary discourse” (p. i-cix, 3rd group) with comparative notes and discussion of sources. Indian languages included are: Acadian, Akanza, Algonkin, Arwaccae (Guiana), Brasilian, Canadian, Caraïbe, Cayuga, Chikkasah, Chilese, Chippewa, Choctaw, Chokchoomah, Cochnewagoe, Colluacan, Darien, Delaware, Eriga, Esquimaux, Galibi, Hochelagenses, Huron, Illinois, Iroquois, Issati, Jaioi (Guiana), Kamtchadals, Katahba, Kikkapoo, Kittawini, Kuril Island, Lenni-Lennape, Mahicanni, Messisauger, Mexican, Miami, Minsi, Mobilien, Mohawk, Montagnars de Canada, Muskohge, Narragansett, Natchez, Natick, Naudowessie, New England, Oneida, Onondago, Pampticough, Penobscot, Pennsylvania, Pesserais, Peruvian, Piankashaw, Poconchi, Pottawatameh, St. John, Sankikani, Seneca, Shawnee, Shebaioi (Guiana), Tuscarora, Virginia, Woccon, Wyandot. Compiled from numerous printed sources including Adair, Carver, Crantz, Massé and Bréboeuf in Champlain, Clavigero, de Laet, Edwards, Elliot, Forster, Gage, Lahontan, Lawson, Léry, Long, Marggraf, Molina, Penn, Rochefort, Smith, Vega, Wafer, Williams, Wood, Zeisberger; manuscript vocabularies by Samuel Colsworthy, Colonel Mentges, the Reverend Mr. Little, and “an American officer in the office of the Secretary of War”; with further contributions from Judge Dean (of Westmoreland, New York), Du Pratz and Bossu, General Gibson (of Fort-Pitt), Christopher Greenup, John Heckewelder (of Bethlehem), Father Hennepin, Kalm, Jaspar Parrish, William Penn, Purchas, George Turner, and others (Preface, p. viii - p. xii, 1st group).

To access digital facsimile copy of book, click here.

Languages: Algonquian languages / Cariban languages / Eskimo-Aleut languages / Iroquoian languages / Mayan languages / Muskogean languages / Siouan languages

Genre: Vocabulary

Region: Arctic / Brazil / Caribbean Islands / Guianas / North America / Spanish America