Crystal at His Majesty King Hussein\'s Stables
Crystal with Marrow
Crystal Bennett at Umm el Biyara

Crystal-M Bennett

Crystal-M Bennett was born in 1918 in the Channel Islands of southern England. She studied English at Bristol University, and during World War II she worked for the British Ministry of Supply, married and had a son, Simon. In 1954 she began a post-graduate diploma in the Archaeology of the Roman Provinces in the West at London University. She directed her own excavations of a Roman villa south of London, and also a Romano-British temple in Somerset. She went on to a Diploma in Palestinian Archaeology under Kathleen Kenyon, excavating with Kenyon at Jericho in 1957-58 and working on the Jericho publication. She excavated the Edomite site on Umm el-Biyara, Petra, beginning in 1960, 1963 and 1965. In 1970 she was appointed Director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem, and she excavated Iron Age Tawilan (near Petra) from 1968 -1970 and again in 1982. From 1971-1973 she excavated at Buseirah, and surveyed the Wadis Dana and Fenan, recording Edomite mining sites. In 1975 she was invited by the Department of Antiquities in Amman to direct the rescue excavations on the Amman Citadel. In 1978 she established the British Institute for Archaeology and History in Amman, and was appointed as the Director on November 1, 1978. In 1980 she helped to establish the first international conference on the History and Archaeology of Jordan held at Oxford with the strong support of HRH Crown Prince Hassan. She was awarded an O. B. E. by Britain in 1977 “for services to archaeology in Jordan,” and in 1983, an Honorary Doctor of Letters degree was bestowed upon her by Trinity College, Dublin. Crystal died at her home in Bruton, Somerset on 12 August 1987, shortly before her 69th birthday. Her great personal charm endeared her widely.

Author of biography: Susan Balderstone
Includes bibliography? Yes

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Keywords: Adnan Hadidi, Alastair Northedge, Amman Citadel, Annie Searight, Archaeology of the Roman Provinces in the West, Assyrian, Bartlett, Beisan, Bennett, Bienkowski, Bdul tribe, Bozrah, Bristol University, Britain, British Academy, British Institute at Amman for Archaeology and History, British Ministry of Supply, British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem, Bruton, Buseirah, Byzantine, Chalcolithic, cuneiform, Cyprus, Dana, Deir Alla, Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Dhra, Diploma in Palestinian Archaeology, Director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem, England, Jerusalem, Jordanian Department of Antiquities in Amman, Channel Islands of southern England. Edom, ‘Edomite king-list’, Edomites, Edwin Cuthbert Hall Professor in Middle Eastern Archaeology at Sydney University, Egypt, England, Esdraelon, Fenan, Genesis, Glueck, Graeco-Nabataean sanctuary, Hamze Ghazzawi, Harran, Hawatmeh, Hennessey, History and Archaeology of Jordan, HRH Crown Prince Hassan, Iran, Iraq, Iron Age, Israel, Israeli occupied territory, Jean Black, J. B. (Basil) Hennessey, Jericho, John Bartlett, Jordan, Jordan River, Jordan Times, Jordan Valley, Kathleen Kenyon, Kerak, King Hussein of Jordan, Lebanon, Lefkara, London, London University, Macdonald, Maro, Melbourne, Melbourne Age, Michael Macdonald, mining sites, Muslim, Naif Hawatmeh, Nelson Glueck, Northedge, O. B. E., Old Jerusalem, Old Testament, Oxford, Palestine, Parr, Pella, Peter Parr, Petra, Philadelphia Hotel, Phoenician, Piotr Bienkowski, Princess Alia, “Qos-gabr, King of Edom”, Queen Dina, Roman Theatre, Roman temple, Roman villa, Saudi Arabia, Searight, Simon, Simon Bennett, Six Day War, Somerset, Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney University, Syria, Tawilan, Teleilat Ghassul, Teman, theodolite, Third Circle, Trinity College, Dublin, Turkey, Umayyads, Umm el-Biyara, UNESCO, University of Jordan, Wadi Jirm al-Moz, Wadi Musa, World War I, World War II.

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Breaking Ground: Pioneering Women Archaeologists
Published by the University of Michigan Press, 2004