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Research Projects

Past (2005-2013), Recent (since 2013) and Current Research Projects that have used the shared facilities associated with the Environmental Chemistry Laboratory and support facilities managed by David Murray and his staff:

Long Term Projects

Reuse in Rhode Island: A State-Based Approach to Complex Exposures, NIH/NIEHS, P42 ES013660 (PI’s: K Boekelheide, A Zhitkovich, E Suuburg, A Kane, M Hixon, J Calo, D Murray, S Sharma, R Hurt, and P Brown; Users: Students, Post-Docs, and Researchers, 2005-2014 –renewal in 2016 with title and PI change)

Assorted Projects on Nanoparticles, Hitachi Research (PI: S Sun: Users: Students and Post-Docs, 2007-2016)

Recent and Current Projects (2014-present)

New in 2016

Toxicant Exposures in Rhode Island: Past, Present, and Future, NIH/NIES, P42 ES013660, (PI’s: K Boelelheide, E Suuburg, A Kane, R Hurt, S Frickel, R Creton; Users: Students, Post-Docs, and Researchers, 2016)

Collaborative Research: Reconciling conflicting Arctic temperature and fire reconstructions using multi-proxy records from lake sediments north of the Brooks Range, Alaska, PLR-1503846 (PI: Y Huang; Users: W Longo and students, 2016)

Collaborative Research: P2C2: Water Isotopes in Peat Mosses as Proxies for Understanding Climate and Atmospheric Circulation Changes in Southern Patagonia, EAR1502455 (PI: Y Huang; User: Y Zheng, 2016)

Diatom Community Composition as an Indicator of Coastal Ecosystem Change, RI EPSCoR STEM, (PI’s: W Prell, D Murray; Users: L Messier, Students, 2016)

New in 2015

Label-free Immunoassay-Based Assessment for Chromate Exposure, (PI: A Zhitkovich; User: C Krawic, 2015)

IPG: Collaborative Research: A high-resolution analysis of unique paleoenvironmental data from key hominin sites in East Africa, BCS1241025, (PI: J Russell, 2015)

Experimental Investigations of an Inhomogeneous Electronic Phase of Matter, the Cooper Pair Insulator, (PI: J Valles; User: X Zhang, 2015)

High-Speed Phosphor Devices: Direct Electrical Modulation of Light Emission at Sub-Lifetime Scales, (PI: R Zia; User: M Huang, 2015)

CCI: CO2 as a Sustainable Feedstock for Chemical Commodities- Hurt Research (PI: R Hurt; User: Y Qui, 2015)

Collaborative Research: A 650,000 year record of hydroclimate in the Western Pacific Warm Pool: Scientific Drilling at Lake Towuti, Indonesia, (PI’s: J Russell Brown, A Noren UMN; Users: L Messier, A Rachel, 2015, 2016)

New in 2014

Antimicrobial Internal Coating for the Acute Care Cover for Severely Injured Limbs (ACCSIL), PI: A Shukla; Users: N Hollingsworth, D Alkekhia, 2014, 2015, 2016)

Genotoxicity of Chromium Compounds (PI: A Zhitkovich; Users: M Luczak, C Krawic, 2014, 2015, 2016)

Collaborative Research: EAGER: Exploring Scientific Drilling in Lake Towuti, Indonesia: Paleclimate, Biological Evolution, and Geomicrobiology in a tropical Pacific Lake, EAR1226566, (PI: J Russell; Users: W Daniels, A Gorchov-Negron, L Messier, 2014)

Development of a Hydrodynamic Direct Carbon Fuel Cell (H/DCFC) (PI: J Calo; User: T Tingley 2014)

Novel Water Filtration System to Remove Arsenic from Groundwater - E-Team Program grant entitled, "HMSolution" (PI: J Calo; User: M Lengerich 2014)

INSPIRE Track 1: Computational Design for the Safe Development of High-Aspect-Ratio Nanomaterials (PI: R Hurt; User: Z Wang, 2014, 2015)

Reexamination of Environmental Controls on Bacterial Branched Tetraether Lipids Using North American Soils (PI: Y Huang; Users: W Daniels, L Li, 2014)

Planetary Impact Processes (PI: P Schultz; Users: T Daly, M BruckSyal, 2014, 2015, 2016)

TAOI [B] Advanced Thermal Barrier Coatings for Next Generation Gas Turbine Engines Fueled by Coal-Derived Syngas, DE-FE0008933, (PI: N Padture; User: H Garces, 2014)

Foundations of Complex Life: Evolution, Preservation and Detection on Earth and Beyond, (PI: R Milliken; User: H Kaplan, 2014, 2015)

Sustainable Poultry Manure Management and Nitrogen Cycling in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, Rathmann Foundation (PIs: M Hastings, R Ryals; Users: R Ryals, M Clark, B Dahal, 2014, 2015)

Brown Internal Startup, Seed, Endowment, and Gift Accounts (2014-present):

T Bartnikas, Brown BioMed Pathology (User: PI, Students, and Research Technicians, 2014-2016)
M Hastings/R Ryals, IBES (User: S Clark, 2016)
V Colvin, Brown Chemistry (User: A Mendoza-Garcia, 2015, 2016)
T Whitfeld, Brown EEB (User: S Rudin, 2015)
IBES Student Research Grants (A Buffen, W Daniels, 2014, 2015)
A Scherer, Brown Anthropology (2014, 2015)
J Mustard, Brown DEEPS (User: R Greenberger, 2014, 2015)
S Porder, Brown EEB/IBES (Users: Students and Post Docs, 2014, 2015)
T Herbert, Brown DEEPS (Users: Students and Research Staff, 2014)

Past Projects: 2005-2013

New in 2013

Collaborative Research: Geomorphic Control of the Lowland Tropical Nitrogen Cycle, Environmental Change Initiative, NSF/DEB Ecosystem Studies, DEB-1263651 (PI: S Porder; Users: C Tamayo, B Osborne, V Matzek (Santa Clara), 2013, 2014, 2015)

CCI: CO2 as a Sustainable Feedstock for Chemical Commodities- Palmore Research (PI: T Palmore; Users: D Liu, I AbuBaker, 2013, 2014, 2015)

Oral Delivery of Nanoencapsulated TGF1 and All-trans-Retinoic Acid for the Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (PI: E Mathiowitz; User: S Furtado, C Baker, 2013, 2014, 2015)

U.S. Science Support for IODP – TZANOVA, BA-32, Geology (PI: T Herbert; User: A Tzanova, 2013)

Collaborative Research: Climate controls on the formation of tropical glacier moraines in the Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda-Congo, EAR-1226566 (PI: J Russell; Users: R MacFarlane, W Daniels, S Wicaksono, 2013, 2014)

PIRE: Land-Use, Ecosystem Services and the Fate of Marginal Lands in a Globalized World OISE-0968211 (PI: S Porder; User: M Almaraz, 2013)

Do Tectonic Setting, Erosion Rates and Soil Residence Times Ultimately Control Phosphorus Availability in Terrestrial Ecosystems? ECI seed grant 2070631 (PI: S Porder; User: L Schreeg, 2013)

Is Overfishing Triggering the Die-Off of New England Salt Marshes?, NSF, OCE-0927090 (PI: M Bertness; Users: M Bevil, S Crotty, 2013, 2014)

GSA Student Fellowship (W. Longo, 2013, 2014)

New in 2012

Oral Delivery of Nanoencapsulated TGF1 and All-trans-Retinoic Acid for the Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Therapy X. Inc (PI: E Mathiowitz; Users: S Furtado and C Baker, 2012, 2013, 2014)

Collaborative Research: In Situ Measurement of Rates of Chemoautotrophic Carbon Production at Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents, NSF, OCE-1131083 (PI: J Rich; Users: A Hardison, L Brin, 2012, 2013)

Spatial Frequency X-Ray Heterodye Imaging of Micro and Nano Structured Materials and Their Time-Resolved Dynamics, DOE, DE-FG02-08ER15937 (PI: C Rose-Petruck; User: D Rand, 2012, 2013, 2014)

CCI Phase I: CO2 as a Sustainable Feedstock for Chemical Commodities, NSF, CHE-1240020 (PI: T Palmore; Users: D Liu and S Sen, 2012, 2013, 2014)

Investigating a Potential Mechanism for Sustained Pliocene Warmth Using Micropaleontology and AlkenonePaleothermometry, Consortium for Ocean Leadership, SAF 12-01 (PI/User: R Gill, 2012)

Collaborative Research: The Impact of Bromine Chemistry on the Isotopic Composition of Nitrate at Summit, Greenland, NSF, ARC-0909374 (PI: M Hastings; User: D Fibiger, 2012)

The Methylation Index of Branched Tetraethers (MBT) as a Temperature Proxy in Lakes: Investigation, Calibration and Validation, American Chem Society, 49235-DNI2 (PI: J Russell; User: S Loumis, 2012)

The Moon as Cornerstone to the Terrestrial Planets: The Formative Years, NASA, NNA09DB34A (PI: C Pieters; Users: C Jackson, K Williams, 2012)

Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars, JPL, JHAP852950 (PI: J Mustard; User: K Cannon, 2012)

New in 2011

RI Consortium for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, NIST, URI-Prime A. Bose, 6ONANBI0D139 (Subaward PI: R Hurt/C Rose-Petruck; User: D. Rand, 2011, 2012)

RI Consortium for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, NIST, URI-Prime A. Bose PI, 6ONANBI0D139 (Subaward PI: R Hurt; User: F. Liu, 2011, 2012)

Exposure Pathways, Dissolution Kinetics, and Fate of Nano-Silver in the Environment, NSF/ECCS 1057547 (PI: R Hurt; User: Z Wang, 2011, 2012)

Collaborative Research: High resolution paleoceanography in the heart of the Equatorial Pacific Cold Tongue, NSF, OCE-1003387 (PI: T Herbert; User: J Salacup, A Molina, 2011, 2012)

EAGER: Collaborative Research: A Critical Examination on the Climatic and Environmental Factors Controlling the H Isotopic Fractionation Between Plant Leaf Waxes and Precipitation, NSF, EAR-1024144 (PI: Y Huang; User: L Gao, 2011, 2012)

High-resolution, quantitative records of temperature and effective precipitation for the past 25kyr from Lake Qinghai, NSF, ATM-060200000 (PI: Y Huang; Users: L Gao and students, 2011, 2012)

Orbital Spectral Mapping of Surface Compositions in the Antarctic Dry Valleys: Regional Distributions of Secondary Mineral-Phases as Climate Indicators, NSF, ANT-0739702 (PI’s: M Wyatt, J Head, J Mustard; User: M Salvatore, 2011, 2012)

Molecular-specific Investigation of Lake-level and Ecosystem Control of Organic Matter Sources in Oil Shale of the Green River Formation, Wyoming, Colorado, American Chem Society, 48111-G2 (PI: J Whiteside; Users: H O’Neill, A Kasprak, 2011, 2012)

A novel efficient technology for mercury emission control application, State of RI Science & Technology Advisory Council (PIs: Hurt/Sarin; User: R Spitz, 2011)

Beckman Scholar Award (H Lu, 2011)

New in 2010

Collaborative Research: Coupled Biogeochemistry and Geomorphology in Three Tropical Forest Ecosystems, NSF (PI: S Porder; Users: Students and Post-Docs, 2010-2013)

Do Tectonic Setting, Erosion Rates, and Soil Residence Times Ultimately Control Phosphorus Availability in Terrestrial Ecosystems? Mellon Foundation (PI: S Porder; Users: Students and Post-Docs, 2010-2012)

Collaborative Research: Reconstructing millennial-scale trends and variability in western Pacific convection and hydrology from large lakes on Sulawesi, central Indonesia, NSF, EAR-090284 (PI: J Russell; Users: Students and Technician, 2010-2012)

A multi-proxy reconstruction of anthropogenic-induced productivity and spatial coupling in Narragansett Bay, NOAA/URI Sea Grant NA10OAR4170076 (PI: W Prell; Users: D Murray, A Martin, and students, 2010-2014)

Mechanism of Caulobacter Adhesion, NIH/Prime, (IU Subcontract PI: J Tang; Users: Students, 2010, 2011)

Arsenic contamination, nutrition and economic growth in Bangladesh, International Growth Centre (UK) grant RA-2009-11-028/ 5R01GM077648-03 (PI’s: M. Pitt (Brown) M. Rosenzweig (Yale); User: R. Correra, 2010, 2011)

High-frequency variations in the Indian Ocean Dipole during the past millennium restructured from East African and Indonesian lake sediment cores, NOAA, NA090AR4310107 (PI’s: J Russell, Y Huang, M Vuille, Users: A Chuman, W Daniels, 2010, 2011)

Development and application of self-patterned-self assembled organic monolayers on HOPG, NSF, CHE-0616474 (PI: M. Zimmt; User: Y Wang, 2010)

Developing Absorbable Microspheres, Sentient Technology (PI: E. Mathiowitz; User: S. Furtado, 2010)

Evaluation of the Frantz Diffusion Cell and Analysis of Bioactive Molecules Using HPLC, Isis Biopolymer (PI: E. Mathiowitz; User: S. Furtado, 2010)

Structural and Functional Analysis of Signaling Proteins in Dendritic Spines, NIH, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 5R01NS056128-05  (PI: W Peti; User: B Dancheck, 2010)

Functionalized Nanomaterials for Orthopedic Applications and Nanomaterial Toxicity and Drug Delivery, Nanovis (PI: T Webster; User: N Tran, 2010)

New in 2009

Nanotechnology Research Grants Investigating Fate, Transport, Transformation, and Exposure of Engineering Nanomaterials, US EPA, RD-833862201-0 (PI: R Hurt; Users: J Katahara, J Liu, 2009-2011)

Ultrafast holographic x-ray imaging and its application to picosecond ultrasonic wave dynamics in bulk materials, DOE, DE-FG02-08ER15937 (PI: C. Rose-Petruck,; Users: V. Ortiz, D. Rand, 2009-2011)

Dissertation Research: Vegetation Structure Constraints on ANPP in Arid Ecosystems: Assessing the Meristem Limitation Hypothesis, NSF DIGG, DEB-0910027 (Users: L Reichmann, J Angell, 2009, 2010)

Decreasing Bacterial Adhesion to Medical Devices through Nanotechnology to Prevent Nosocomial Infection, RI Hospital, RIRA2009-09/701-1740 (PI: T Webster; Users: E Taylor, N Tran, 2009-2010)

Hydration and Mineral Abundance from Reflectance Spectroscopy, NASA, NNX07AP49G (PI: J Mustard; User: B Ehlmann, 2009, 2010)

Land Use Change: Designing and Implementing New Global Environmental Curricula/2006-2009, Luce Foundations (PI: S Hamburg; User: K Austin, 2009)

New in 2008

Abrupt climate change during Marine Isotope Stage 3 in Southern Tropical Africa: Multiproxy reconstructions from Lake Tanganyika, NSF, EAR-0639474 (PI’s: J Russell, Y Huang; User: J Tierney and students, 2008, 2009)

SGER: Exploratory Seismic Reflection and Gravity Coring of Lakes Mantano and Towuti, Indonesia, NSF, EAR-0627803 (PI: J Russell; Users: J Tierney and students, 2008)

Collaborative Research: Laboratory Investigations of the Origin of Fault-Zone Pulverized Rock, NSF, EAR-0711047 (PI: T Tullis; User: O Dor, 2008)

Glycolipid Interactions in Melanoma Adhesion, NSF, CHE-0514718 (PI: A Basu; User: X Liu, 2008)

Self-Assembly of Metallic Nanoparticles Mediated by Metal-Organic and Metal-Organometallic Coordination Networks, ACS, 44-37-AC3 (PI: D Sweigart; User: C Chi, 2008)

Reduced Complexity of Southern New England Salt Marshes, NA07NOS4200027 (PI: K Bromberg-Gedan; Users: K Bromberg-Gedan and students, 2008)

2006-2008 Sea Grant Omnibus, 032907/0001014 (PI: M Bertness; User: C Holdredge, 2008)

New in 2007

Assorted Projects on Nanoparticles, Hitachi Research (PI: S Sun; Users: Students and Post-Docs, 2007-2013)

Surface modification of magnetic dumbbell nanoparticles for highly sensitive tumor cell detection, Brown/Salomon Award (PI: S Sun; Users: C Xu, Z Xu, Y Hou, J Xie)
Dumbbell Nanocomposites: Controlled Chemical Synthesis and Catalytic Applications, NSF, DMR-0606264 (PI: S Sun, Users: C Xu, Z Xu, Y Hou, J Xie)

Variation in the Strength and Nature of Ecological Interactions in South American Salt Marshes, DBI-0610312 (PI/User: E Garcia)

New in 2006

Modeling Tools to Predict Hypoxia/Anoxia in Upper Narragansett Bay, NOAA/CHRP NA05NOS4781201 (PI’s: W Prell, D Murray; Users: D Murray and students, 2006-2010)

Integrating Bacterial Diversity into Environmental Change Research, NSF-Career, MCB-0347324 (PI: J Hughes; Users: H Reed, J Lennon, 2006)

New in 2005

Collaborative Research into the Indo-Asian Monsoon Variability: Data and Model Assessment of Northern- and Southern-Hemisphere mechanisms, NSF, OCE-0352215 (PI’s: S Clemens and W Prell; Users: S Clemens and student workers, 2005, 2006)

Reuse in Rhode Island: A State-Based Approach to Complex Exposures, NIH/NIEHS, P42 ES013660 (PI’s: K Boekelheide, A Zhitkovich, E Suuburg, A Kane, M Hixon, J Calo, D Murray, S Sharma, R Hurt, and P Brown; Users: Students, Post-Docs, and Researchers, 2005-2013)

Brown Internal Startup, Seed, Endowment, and Gift Accounts (2005-2013):

W Prell, Brown Geology (Users: Students and Research Staff, 2006-2009)
H Leslie, Brown EEB (User: J Simpson and students, 2007)
K Smith, Brown EEB (User: J Simpson and students, 2008)
J Russell, Brown Geology (Users: Students and Research Staff, 2006-2013)
T Webster, Brown Engineering (Users: Students, 2010-2012)
A Basu, Brown Chemistry (Users: E Hartman, 2011)
D Sax, Brown EEB (User: M Heard, 2011)
J Rich, Brown EEB/MBL (User: A Hardison, 2011)
A Scherer, Brown Anthropology (2011, 2013)
H Jaeger, Visiting Scientist -Brown ECI (2011-2013)
E Sudderth, CES/EEB (User: L McClellan, 2012)
T Palmore, Brown Engineering (Users: S Sen, 2012)
M Hastings, Brown ECI/Geology (Users: A Buffen, 2012)
J Mustard, Brown Geology (User: R Greenberger, 2012)
R Bhaskar, Brown ECI (2012, 2013)
T Bartnikas, Brown BioMed Pathology (User: PI, Students, and Research Technicians, 2013)
T Herbert, Brown Geology (Users: Students and Research Staff, 2013)
M Hastings/R Ryals, IBES (Users: R Ryals, M Clark, 2013)