High-stakes tests are tests used to make important decisions about students. These include whether students should be promoted, allowed to graduate, or admitted to programs. High-stakes assessments are considered a natural outcome of the standards movement in the U.S. The declared purpose of the standards movement is to make students, teachers, and administrators responsible for a high standard of teaching and learning (Heubert, 2000). High-stakes tests are designed to measure whether or not content and performance standards established by the state have been achieved.
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