Initial Assessment Strategy 5

5. What are the broader issues to be considered in assessing a student's educational background? It is important to determine a student's educational background. Listed below are some issues that educators may wish to explore:

  • The date of a student's last attendance in school.

  • The number of years of schooling the student has had both inside and outside the U.S.

  • Any extenuating circumstances which prevented the student from attending school.

  • The grade level that the student was assigned to and what the age equivalency is for students at that level in the U.S. For example, students in some Eastern European countries are enrolled in grade 0 which is equivalent to grade 1 in the U.S.

  • The type of school that the student attended. For example, the student may have attended a bilingual school in Mexico where s/he learned Náhuatl as the primary language and Spanish as a second language. Or the student may have attended a school in Russia specializing in science.

  • Whether the school was a same sex or coeducational school.

  • The type of curriculum to which the student was exposed. Textbooks, school certificates, transcripts, etc. can be useful in determining the student's educational experiences.

  • The educational background of the parents, guardian or other adult household members.

  • Pertinent health information, including immunization records. For example, does the student wear or need corrective lenses? Does the student wear or need a hearing aid?