Teacher Resources

Online Resources



The Delaware State Education Association offers guidelines for educators to avoid bias in the classroom.

The Tolerance.org Web site includes a guide that helps teachers and students to learn about bias in communication and to write in bias-free terms.

Bilingual Special Education

The Illinois State Board of Education identifies a range of state and national resources.

The New York State Education Department provides staff development and technical assistance to preK-12 teachers of English language learners with disabilities.

Educational Testing Service (ETS)

Disability.gov is the federal government website for comprehensive information on disability programs and services in communities nationwide. 

Positions and Opinions on High-Stakes Testing

The Education Commission of the States gives an overview of the issues involved in high-stakes statewide assessment.

The International Reading Association summarizes its position opposing high-stakes testing.l

Coltrane from the Center for Applied Linguistics gives an overview of issues for English language learners.

Practical Examples


The New Mexico State Department of Education Assessment and Evaluation describes its guidelines for the testing accommodations of English language learners.
Download the guide

The Pennsylvania Department of Education provides a fact sheet that answers some of the commonly asked questions about accommodations for English Language Learners (ELLs) or Limited English Proficient (LEP) students.
Download the fact sheet

Content-Based Standards

The National Council of Teachers of English defines Standards for English Language Arts.

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics has developed Principles and Standards for School Mathematics.

The National Science Teachers Association presents National Science Education Standards.

The National Council for the Social Studies provides Curriculum Standards for Social Studies.

Teachers of English to Students of Other Languages (TESOL) offers standards for both students and teachers.