2. Where is sheltered instruction used and by whom?
Sheltered English instruction is used in English as a second language (ESL) programs with sheltered content courses (e.g., sheltered chemistry, sheltered U. S. history), newcomer programs, transitional bilingual education, developmental bilingual education, dual-language programs, and two-way immersion programs. Sheltered instruction appears in classes that consist of only English language learners and in classes of both ELLs and native English speaking students. The sheltered approach is also used in many foreign language classes in the United States.