“The Shame of Conjugal Sex” traces the effects of Pauline and Augustinian soteriology on early Protestant views of procreative marriage as well as on secular love lyrics, with Shakespeare's sonnets as a particular example. Early modern theology and poetry accentuate what Leo Bersani deems the “ineradicable aspects” of sex that are “anticommunal, antiegalitarian, antinurturing, antiloving.” As such, this writing can be a vital conceptual tool for challenging a modern “romantic reinvention of sex,” along with the hierarchies it authorizes. Melissa Sanchez is Associate Professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania. She is the author of “Erotic Subjects: The Sexuality of Politics in Early Modern English Literature” (Oxford UP) and many important articles on gender, sexuality, and politics in Renaissance literature. Her new work also considers queer theology.