The New England Council on Latin American Studies awarded Latin American history professor James N. Green the best Joseph T. Criscenti Best Article Prize for "Who is the Macho Who Wants to Kill Me?: Male Homosexuality, Revolutionary Masculinity, and the Brazilian Armed Struggle of the 1960 and 70s," published in the Hispanic American Historical Review.
The prize citations states:
"James Green's "Who is the Macho Who Wants to Kill Me?: Male Homosexuality, Revolutionary Masculinity, and the Brazilian Armed Struggle of the 1960s and 1970s" is an extraordinary article that examines a rarely explored topic, that is the homophobia in he leftist Latin-American movements of the 60s and 70s and here, specifically in Brazil. The universal conception of homosexuality as evolutionary degeneracy was a common belief in the international leftist scene of the past century, and they considered it bourgeois deviation. Green's article excellently analyzes the paths of homophobia in guerrillero groups that displayed a revolutionary opposition to the Brazilian civilian-military dictatorship that came to power in 1964 and controlled the government for two decades. Inside these organizations, the typecast was the brave man driven by his cause and self-justice was a common practice to address homosexuality as a deviation. This article demonstrates brilliantly one of the most profound contradictions of the international left wing and how leftist Brazilians with homoerotic desires negotiated standards of obligatory heterosexuality and constructions of revolutionary masculinity in the 1960s and 1970s, while they lived underground, among members of different political organizations, imprisoned, or in political exile. An extraordinary well documented article with relevant bibliographical sources and interviews made with Brazilian ex-guerrilleros.