At the moment, the History Department has seven modern European historians engaged in active research and graduate training.  While recognizing the continuing relevance of the nation state, the European faculty is characterized by diverse thematic and methodological perspectives.  It offers training in British, French, German, East-European, Russian and Soviet history as well as specialization in the history of genocide, the Holocaust, intellectual and cultural history, the history of science, digital methods, Jewish history, minorities, the Cold War, science and politics, and aesthetics and modernism.  Perhaps the hallmark of the modern European graduate program is its flexibility and dependence on a series of faculty and student-run workshops. It encourages transnational and interdisciplinary dissertations and strives to provide incoming students broad training.