Cogut Visiting Professors of Latin American Studies Verónica Zubillaga of Universidad Simón Bolívar in Venezuela and José Carlos Orihuela of Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú will offer courses at Brown this Fall.
The courses are:
LAST1501A Exclusion, Gender and Respect: Understanding Youth Violence in Latin American Cities (Zubillaga)
This course aims to develop a comprehensive perspective on youth and violence in Latin American cities. Particular attention will be paid to the experiences of poor youths and marginalized populations.
Urban crime and fear is perhaps the greatest concern for Latin Americans in countries across the region such as Colombia, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela. In the media as well as both government and citizen discourses, young males are the principal perpetrators of urban violence and crime. Thus, they have become the target of governments’ repressive measures and extreme responses such as extrajudicial killings and mano dura policies. In this course, we will develop a thorough analysis of youth violence starting with the structural forces that drive youths to violent lifestyles. We will then consider cultural dispositions associated with gender identities and the lived experience of violence, youth subjectivities and emotions expressed (such as the sense of hopelessness engendered by these experiences). Finally, we will discuss the possibility of alternatives to violence for youths. Particular attention will be given to States’ extra-legal responses to young men, such as extrajudicial killings which express the lethal stigmatization of lower-class youths. We will undertake a systematic reflection starting with the following themes: urban violence in Latin America, youth exclusion, armed violence, gender practices and lethal stigmatization. We will end by exploring alternatives to violence and experiences of youth reconversion to non-violent life-styles. The course topics will be further integrated with the vision and analysis of classic Latin American films dealing with the problem: Cidade de Deus (City of God) Brazil 2002; Rodrigo D: No Futuro (Rodrigo D: No Future), Colombia, 1990; La Virgen de los Sicarios, Francia – Colombia 2000; and Hermanos (Brothers), Venezuela, 2010.
LAST1501B Environment and Development in Latin America (Orihuela)
This seminar introduces a “developmental challenges approach” to thinking about resource-based development. The approach is critically used to survey the development of extractive industries and other environmental issues in Latin America. The main questions to be examined are:
(i) Is resource abundance a curse?
(ii) Is Latin America too poor to be green?
(iii) Do institutions end up defining these issues, and how?
Assignments will help students develop a research project to study one case or a set of cases in comparative perspective (countries or sub-national units).