Ability IV: Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment

The competent graduate is able to diagnose, manage and prevent a spectrum of health problems.  This competency involves formulating an assessment and care plan for individuals and extending it to families and communities.

Criteria for Assessment:

1. Diagnoses the common health problems of patients

-Interprets a patient's history, physical examination and laboratory data appropriately
-Based on history, physical examination and laboratory data formulates an appropriate differential diagnosis and problem list
-Based on differential diagnosis and problem list, selects appropriate further diagnostic testing

2. Integrates preventive interventions into the comprehensive health care of individuals

-Identifies the screening, health maintenance and behavioral modifications needed for disease prevention for each age group and sex
-Carries out educational interventions (i.e. counseling) needed to protect individuals against common and preventable health diseases
-Integrates prevention into the inpatient and outpatient setting

3. Monitors patient’s progress and modifies management accordingly

-Follows plan of management through the course of both acute and chronic illnesses

4. Diagnoses the health problems and preventive needs of communities

-Identifies patterns of potential and existing health problems in the community
-Gathers additional data about the community from multiple sources
-Collaborates with the community to identify appropriate approaches to manage problems