Ability VII: Community Health Promotion and Advocacy

The competent graduate practices medicine in a broader context by understanding the many factors that influence health, disease and disability.  The graduate advocates for the patient’s well-being and works with community partners to identify and address environmental, social and behavioral factors and health system policies which alter the opportunities to be healthy. 

Criteria for Assessment:

Appreciates the importance of the many factors that influence health, disease and disability in the population

-Obtains information in the patient’s history of these factors in a non-judgmental fashion
-Supports patients and families as they navigate community resources
-Inquires about value systems and lifestyles of patients in a non-judgmental fashion
-Avoids stereotypical language
-Probes for factors that decrease the likelihood of healthy choices

Identifies appropriate resources in the community provide support for reducing social determinants of disease

-Gathers information about the communities in which the student serves
-Uses information to reflect on the importance of identified factors in reducing opportunity for better health
-Understands barriers to care for individual patients and communities
-Matches patients’ needs to appropriate community resources
-Is familiar with medical economics (cost of care both to patient and the health care system)

Promotes better health for patients and the community

-Supports and participates when possible in community activities and policy development to provide opportunities for better health choices
-Supports actions to improve the quality of community health
-Encourages health care interventions designed to enhance the total well being of individuals, families and communities

Understands health and disease from population perspectives

-Appreciates the value of population-based public health program, polices and individual health care services
-Uses analytical methods to support critical reading of the medical literature
-Finds and uses information sources on community health issues
-Integrates knowledge of epidemiology, statistics and evidence based medicine to analyze population health status
-Describes the major elements of the US health care system