Publications

A complete list of Dr. Monaghan's publications can be found on Brown University's Faculty Profile Page.


  1. Young JS, Monaghan SF, Chung CS, Cioffi WG, Ayala A, et al. Divergent invariant natural killer T-cell response to sepsis of abdominal vs non-abdominal origin in human beings. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2015 Feb;16(1):29-35. PubMed PMID: 25761077.

2. Ottinger ME, Monaghan SF, Gravenstein S, Cioffi WG, Ayala A, et al. The geriatric cytokine response to trauma: time to consider a new threshold. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2014 Dec;15(6):800-5. PubMed PMID: 25494395.

3. Heffernan DS, Monaghan SF, Chung CS, Cioffi WG, Gravenstein S, et al. A divergent response of innate regulatory T-cells to sepsis in humans: circulating invariant natural killer T-cells are preserved. Hum Immunol. 2014 Mar;75(3):277-82. PubMed PMID: 24269692.

4. Huang X, Chen Y, Chung CS, Yuan Z, Monaghan SF, et al. Identification of B7-H1 as a novel mediator of the innate immune/proinflammatory response as well as a possible myeloid cell prognostic biomarker in sepsis. J Immunol. 2014 Feb 1;192(3):1091-9. PubMed PMID: 24379123; NIHMSID: NIHMS544037; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3947010.

5. Shubin NJ, Monaghan SF, Heffernan DS, Chung CS, Ayala A. B and T lymphocyte attenuator expression on CD4+ T-cells associates with sepsis and subsequent infections in ICU patients. Crit Care. 2013 Nov 29;17(6):R276. PubMed PMID: 24289156; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4057112.

6. Heffernan DS, Monaghan SF, Thakkar RK, Tran ML, Chung CS, et al. Inflammatory mechanisms in sepsis: elevated invariant natural killer T-cell numbers in mouse and their modulatory effect on macrophage function. Shock. 2013 Aug;40(2):122-8. PubMed PMID: 23807244; NIHMSID: NIHMS497564; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4132843.

7. Thakkar RK, Monaghan SF, Adams CA Jr, Stephen A, Connolly MD, et al. Empiric antibiotics pending bronchoalveolar lavage data in patients without pneumonia significantly alters the flora, but not the resistance profile, if a subsequent pneumonia develops. J Surg Res. 2013 May;181(2):323-8. PubMed PMID: 22906560.

8. Monaghan SF, Blakely AM, Richardson PJ, Miner TJ, Cioffi WG, et al. The reflective statement: a new tool to assess resident learning. J Surg Res. 2012 Dec;178(2):618-22. PubMed PMID: 22883435; NIHMSID: NIHMS698457; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4467549.

9. Duron VP, Monaghan SF, Connolly MD, Gregg SC, Stephen AH, et al. Undiagnosed medical comorbidities in the uninsured: a significant predictor of mortality following trauma. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Nov;73(5):1093-8; discussion 1098-9. PubMed PMID: 23117376.

10. Monaghan SF, Adams CA Jr, Stephen AH, Connolly MD, Gregg SC, et al. Infections after trauma are associated with subsequent cardiac injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Nov;73(5):1079-84; discussion 1084-5. PubMed PMID: 23117374.

11. Shubin NJ, Chung CS, Heffernan DS, Irwin LR, Monaghan SF, et al. BTLA expression contributes to septic morbidity and mortality by inducing innate inflammatory cell dysfunction. J Leukoc Biol. 2012 Sep;92(3):593-603. PubMed PMID: 22459947; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3427605.

12. Monaghan SF, Thakkar RK, Tran ML, Huang X, Cioffi WG, et al. Programmed death 1 expression as a marker for immune and physiological dysfunction in the critically ill surgical patient. Shock. 2012 Aug;38(2):117-22. PubMed PMID: 22683728.

13. Heffernan DS, Monaghan SF, Thakkar RK, Machan JT, Cioffi WG, et al. Failure to normalize lymphopenia following trauma is associated with increased mortality, independent of the leukocytosis pattern. Crit Care. 2012 Jan 20;16(1):R12. PubMed PMID: 22264310; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3396248.

14. Monaghan SF, Thakkar RK, Heffernan DS, Huang X, Chung CS, et al. Mechanisms of indirect acute lung injury: a novel role for the coinhibitory receptor, programmed death-1. Ann Surg. 2012 Jan;255(1):158-64. PubMed PMID: 21997806; NIHMSID: NIHMS328349; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3243770.

15. Monaghan SF, Heffernan DS, Thakkar RK, Reinert SE, Machan JT, et al. The development of a urinary tract infection is associated with increased mortality in trauma patients. J Trauma. 2011 Dec;71(6):1569-74. PubMed PMID: 21768897.

16. Thakkar RK, Chung CS, Chen Y, Monaghan SF, Lomas-Neira J, et al. Local tissue expression of the cell death ligand, fas ligand, plays a central role in the development of extrapulmonary acute lung injury. Shock. 2011 Aug;36(2):138-43. PubMed PMID: 21451443; NIHMSID: NIHMS291698; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3139824.

17. Heffernan DS, Vera RM, Monaghan SF, Thakkar RK, Kozloff MS, et al. Impact of socioethnic factors on outcomes following traumatic brain injury. J Trauma. 2011 Mar;70(3):527-34. PubMed PMID: 21610339.

18. Shubin NJ, Monaghan SF, Ayala A. Anti-inflammatory mechanisms of sepsis. Contrib Microbiol. 2011;17:108-24. PubMed PMID: 21659749.

19. Heffernan DS, Thakkar RK, Monaghan SF, Ravindran R, Adams CA Jr, et al. Normal presenting vital signs are unreliable in geriatric blunt trauma victims. J Trauma. 2010 Oct;69(4):813-20. PubMed PMID: 20938267.

20. Monaghan SF, Swan KG. Tube thoracostomy: the struggle to the "standard of care". Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Dec;86(6):2019-22. PubMed PMID: 19022041.

21. Monaghan SF, Anjaria D, Mohr A, Livingston DH. Necrotizing fasciitis and sepsis caused by Aeromonas hydrophila after crush injury of the lower extremity. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2008 Aug;9(4):459-67. PubMed PMID: 18687029.

22. Deitch EA, Livingston DH, Lavery RF, Monaghan SF, Bongu A, et al. Hormonally active women tolerate shock-trauma better than do men: a prospective study of over 4000 trauma patients. Ann Surg. 2007 Sep;246(3):447-53; discussion 453-5. PubMed PMID: 17717448; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1959345.