An individualized “hands-on” longitudinal mentored research experience is the core of each resident’s training. This research training experience may have a clinical, translational, and/or a basic science focus, all of which are strengths at Brown. Based on an area of interest, trainees are matched with faculty mentors and use a majority of their protected research time conducting research projects under their mentor's supervision. Residents progress from closely supervised introductory work in their mentor’s lab to greater independence and responsibility for their work. Residents are encouraged from the beginning of the program to develop their own ideas for more independent work, and all residents are expected to conduct their own mentored project by their PGY3year. Each resident’s research training is individualized to ensure an optimal training experience.