Gender, Inequality, and Empowerment Series | On the Quantity and Quality of Girls: New Evidence on Abortion, Fertility, and Parental Investments

PSTC Seminar Room in Mencoff Hall

S Anukriti, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Boston College

12-1 pm

The introduction of prenatal sex-detection technologies in India has led to a phenomenal increase in abortion of female fetuses. Anukriti will discuss their impact on son-biased fertility stopping behavior, parental investments in girls relative to boys, and the relative chances of girls surviving after birth. She finds a moderation of son-biased fertility, erosion of gender gaps in breastfeeding and immunization, and complete convergence in the post-neonatal mortality rates of boys and girls. For every five aborted girls, she estimates that roughly one additional girl survives to age five. Her findings have implications not only for counts of missing girls but also for the later life outcomes of girls, conditioned by early life investments in them.

S Anukriti's research interests lie in the fields of development economics, demography, and the economics of gender. In recently published work, she has examined how financial incentive programs, globalization, and fertility limits on local leaders have impacted the fertility-sex ration trade-off in India. Anukriti completed her Ph.D. at Columbia University, M.A. at the Delhi School of Economics, and B.A. (Honors) at St. Stephen's College, Delhi. She is a research affiliate at IZA.

Gender, Inequality, and Empowerment Series: How do different approaches to gender inequality and empowerment engage structural and individual power relationships and inform efforts to transform hierarchical gender systems? How are gender inequalities intertwined with other inequalities and connected to local and global politics? This interdisciplinary series tackles the (re)production of gender inequalities within a variety of areas, including health, violence, and economic empowerment.