PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] - Each year, the PSTC sends a number of its trainees and faculty associates to the Population Association of America meetings. In preparation, the PSTC also holds an annual "PAA Preview" where several students on the program present their PAA papers in a more informal setting. Erica Mullen, Heather Randell and Trina Vithayathil, all Sociology graduate students, presented this year:
Heather Randell’s PAA paper examines drivers of urban out-migration among young adults in the cities of Altamira and Santarém in the Brazilian Amazon, using an event history model to investigate how social capital, human capital, and socioeconomic deprivation contribute to this process. Randell and co-author Leah VanWey find that in Altamira, migration tends to be an individual-level opportunistic strategy fostered by family networks, while in Santarém migration tends to be a household-level strategy driven by socioeconomic deprivation, suggesting that urban out-migration is a diverse process distinguished both by geographic and historic socioeconomic differences.
In her paper “The Redistribution and Socioeconomic Mobility of Immigrants in America’s Interior,” Erica Mullen uses panel data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation to address gaps in the literature that fail to account for secondary migration of immigrants to the US who moved between metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) during the late 1990s and early 2000s. Mullen examines whether, in their moves from so-called “traditional” destinations to new cities in the US, these migrants are better or worse off in terms of income compared to (1) before they migrated, (2) non-migrant immigrants, and (3) native migrants.
Trina Vithayathil is examining how Indian state constructs official survey data on caste and religion interviews with enumerated families and government workers, observational data, and primary and secondary data, including public and historical records of the caste census, enabling her to compare contemporary notions of caste to the last caste census in India, which was conducted by the British Empire in 1931. Read more...