Government assistance helps poor

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – Longer lives, more education, and higher incomes are among the benefits for children whose parents receive public assistance. "Academic Studies Underscore Benefits of Government Assistance to Poor" highlights the recently published co-authored work of Associate Professor of Economics Anna Aizer on Mother’s Pensions, a federal welfare initiative from the early 1900s. Aizer also reports on the findings in "Cash-Based Welfare Programs Making a Difference for Poor Children," which she wrote for the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.

(Distributed May 11, 2016)

Caffeine and miscarriage

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – A recent study by researchers at the NIH examines the connection between caffeine consumption and miscarriage, making a case for a correlation for those who drink more than two cups of a caffeinated beverage per day. In Slate's "Wake Up and Smell the Coffee," Professor of Epidemiology and Obstetrics and Gynecology David Savitz says that accurately measuring caffeine intake is challenging as coffee, tea, and soda contain widely ranging amounts of caffeine.
(Distributed May 10, 2016)

Obesity and diabetes in Samoa

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – With some of the highest rates of obesity and Type 2 diabetes in the world, Samoa provides data for tracking the patterns of increases elsewhere around the globe. Professor of Epidemiology Stephen McGarvey has been researching in Samoa for four decades, and his work contributed to two recent studies that were covered by NPRMcGarvey notes the increase in the number of Samoans working more sedentary jobs, the decrease in walking as a primary form of transportation, and the increase in availability of lower-quality foods as contributors to the obesity epidemic. "What's happening there is really a harbinger for other parts of the world," McGarvey told NPR.
(Distributed May 9, 2016)

School climate

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – The latest subject in research aimed at improving student achievement and reducing teacher turnover could be school climate. Assistant Professor of Education and Economics Matthew Kraft is the lead author on a recent report that addresses four measures of school climate: school safety and order, leadership and professional development, high academic expectations, and teacher relationships and collaboration. "Teachers do not work in a vacuum,” Kraft told Chalkbeat in "School conditions matter for student achievement, new research confirms."

(Distributed May 5, 2016)

Native Americans and voting

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – Native Americans remain a disenfranchised group in the U.S. with higher rates of unemployment and poverty and lower educational performance than the rest of the population. Voting is another difficulty for many, especially on reservations. In "Native Americans Are Still The 'Invisible Vote,'" Associate Professor of History Linford Fisher describes voter ID laws as “yet another insult and hardship for this land's original inhabitants.”

(Distributed May 3, 2016)
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