Caroline Kuo

Associate Professor of Behavioral and Social Sciences (Research)
Caroline Kuo

Caroline Kuo joined Brown University in 2012 and the PSTC in 2018. She is a behavioral and social scientist. Her research program focuses on addressing disparities in mental health, sexual and reproductive health, violence, HIV, and other infectious diseases among vulnerable populations in low-resource communities. A signature element of her research includes community-engaged approaches to ensure that public health science is developed, tested, and deployed in partnership with children, families, and adults living in some of the world’s most underserved communities. This approach fosters solutions to urgent public health crises that are culturally and contextually salient and that are implemented “with” populations rather than “on” populations. Another signature element of her research is the use of sequential or integrated qualitative and quantitative study designs to develop, test, and deploy preventive interventions. A third signature element of her research is collaborative and interdisciplinary team science. She builds and fosters long-term equitable international partnerships with scientists who have complementary expertise in epidemiology, anthropology, medicine, and economics. A final signature element of her research is the application of novel ethical approaches to ensure rigorous science is generated while providing the upmost protections to vulnerable populations. 

Kuo is passionate about cultivating and supporting the scientific talent of public health scientists, practitioners, and policy-makers of diverse backgrounds. Current projects include studies designing intervention programs to meet the sexual and reproductive health needs as well as the HIV treatment adherence needs of adolescents living with HIV; intervention studies evaluating the efficacy of family resilience programs for adolescent mental and sexual health; and evaluation of large-scale structural and behavioral combination programming for HIV prevention among girls and young women. 

Selected Publications

Kuo, C., Cluver, L. Casale, M., Lane, T. (2014). Cumulative effects of HIV illness and caring for children orphaned by AIDS on anxiety symptoms among adults caring for children in HIV-endemic South Africa. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. 28:(6):318-326. DOI: 10.1089/apc.2013.0225. PMCID: PMC4046216.

Kuo, C., Reddy, M., Operario, D., Cluver, L., Stein, D. (2013). Posttraumatic stress disorder among adults caring for orphaned children in HIV-endemic South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. 17 (5): 1755-1763. PMCID: PMC3139727.

Harrison, A., Colvin, C., Kuo, C., Swartz, A. Lurie, M. (2015). Sustained High HIV Incidence in Young Women in Southern Africa: Social, Behavioral and Structural Factors and Emerging Intervention Approaches. Current HIV/AIDS Reports. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 25855338

Scholarly Interests

Resilience, Prevention, Family interventions, Gender- and developmentally tailored intervention science, Interdisciplinary collaboration

Affiliated Departments

School of Public Health