Cancer Research

Adolescent Health Evidence Synthesis
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Nativity Disparities in HPV Vaccination among US Adults

Several studies have identified disparities in human papillomavirus (HPV)-related outcomes by nativity status (i.e., U.S.- versus foreign-born). However, few studies have explored whether vaccination differences exist by nativity status. Vaccination disparities have the potential to exacerbate HPV-related cancer disparities in the long term if left unaddressed. This study, led by Ashley PerezScM ’17, behavioral and social health sciences alumna, and published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, investigated whether there were significant differences in HPV vaccination initiation and completion between U.S.-born and foreign-born men and women. READ MORE

How big trials help us make sense of our questions about cancer screening

Whether to screen? How often? At what age? At what cost? — These questions seem to readily breed conflicting opinions and public confusion. What’s needed is rigorously produced evidence. That’s where Constantine Gatsonis, chair of the Department of Biostatistics at Brown University, comes in.

In a talk and panel discussion at the 2017 annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Gatsonis, a veteran researcher on many large cancer screening studies, discussed how such trials are designed and conducted to ensure that researchers can evaluate not only the accuracy of a test, but also its cost-effectiveness, its effect on doctor and patient decision-making and its effect on health outcomes. READ MORE

How Men with Prostate Cancer Choose Specialists

The majority of men diagnosed with prostate cancer rely heavily on their care providers when choosing a diagnosing urologist and treating specialist, according to a new study published in Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. The results of the paper, first authored by Tammy Jiang, Master's student at the Brown University School of Public Health, highlight the important role a primary care physician plays when making referrals for prostate cancer. READ MORE

Examining the Association between Male Pattern Baldness and Risk of Incident Skin Cancer

The purpose of this study, led by Wen-Qing Li, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, and published in the International Journal of Cancer, was to examine the association between male pattern baldness and risk of incident skin cancer, including invasive melanoma, invasive squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma, in a prospective analysis based on 36,032 participants. read more