|Adolescent Health||Evidence Synthesis
|Aging & Gerontology||Global Health
||Maternal & Child Health|
|Cancer||Health Disparities & Culture
||Physical Activity & Obesity|
|Drugs & Alcohol||Healthcare Policy
Unconditional Government Cash Transfers in Support of Orphaned and Vulnerable Adolescents in Western Kenya: Is there an Association with Psychological Well-being?
Sub-Saharan Africa is home to approximately 53.6 million orphaned children, a majority of whom live in extreme poverty, often with relatives or guardians of limited means, and in households with many other dependent children. Children who live in poor households often do not have access to basic necessities such as shelter, food, clean water, health care, and education. To address poverty and its adverse child health and developmental consequences, economic incentives are increasingly used in African countries. This study, supported by grants from the NIH Fogarty International Center and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and led by Sylvia Shangani, doctoral candidate in behavioral and social health sciences, assessed the association between living in a household that received monthly unconditional government CTs and psychological wellbeing. READ MORE
Insomnia Severity Impacts Symptoms of Depression and PTSD on Alcohol Use and Related Consequences in Veterans
Excessive alcohol consumption is one of largest barriers to physical and mental health in the U.S. It is especially concerning among military personnel. Heavy-drinking service report higher levels of general stress, anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress, and suicidal ideation than their lower-drinking counterparts. This study, led by Mary Beth Miller, adjunct assistant professor of behavioral and social sciences (research), and published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, found that approximately half of the participants reported clinically significant symptoms of insomnia and depression, and more than a third met screening criteria on a self-report measure of PTSD. The prevalence of these mental health issues and their respective influences on alcohol-related outcomes indicate a need to prevent and treat these problems in young adults who have been discharged from military service. READ MORE
Are Negative Facebook Experiences Associated with Depressive Symptoms among Young Adults?
This study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, by Samantha Rosenthal, Research Associate in Epidemiology, and colleagues, examined whether negative Facebook experiences were independently associated with depressive symptoms among young adults in a longitudinal family cohort. read more