Opioids Research Group

The Brown Research Cluster on Opioid Science is focused on advancing the public health evidence base to address the nation's opioid crisis. We employ cutting edge methods to study interventions and policies that prevent opioid overdose and mitigate other opioid-related harms. As population health scientists, we track how the opioid epidemic is evolving and evaluate programs that have been implemented in response to the opioid crisis. We work collaboratively with state and local government agencies as well as with community treatment programs to ensure that research findings inform evidence-based intervention delivery, policies, and public health practice. Our faculty are dedicated to training the next generation of population health scientists in the school's Master's and Doctoral programs, and with the support of the COBRE Center on Opioid and Overdose. Our research is supported by the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, and Brown University.

Sara J. Becker, PhD

Associate Professor of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior

Dr. Becker is a clinical researcher and licensed clinical psychologist dedicated to improving the quality and utilization of behavioral treatments for individuals with substance use disorders. Dr. Becker is currently Multiple Principal Investigator (with Dr. Bryan Garner) of a 5-year NIDA-funded cluster randomized trial partnering with 30 opioid treatment centers throughout New England to promote the implementation of contingency management. Dr. Becker also serves as Principal Investigator or Multiple Principal Investigator of two SAMHSA-funded Addiction Technology Transfer Centers, which combined train over 3,000 front-line treatment providers annually in evidence-based treatment for patients with opioid and other substance use disorders.

Research Profile

Francesca L. Beaudoin, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine & Health Services, Policy, and Practice

Dr. Beaudoin is a board-certified practicing emergency physician and the Director of Clinical Research in the Department of Emergency Medicine at the Alpert Medical School of Brown University. Her research interests involve the dynamic between acute and chronic pain, and the relationship between pain and substance use disorders; she is focused on how management of acute pain may impact the transition to chronic pain and chronic opioid use.

Research Profile

Melissa A. Clark, PhD

Professor of Health Services, Policy and Practice

Dr. Clark is a Survey Methodologist whose interests integrate survey design and sampling with substantive areas of underserved populations, women’s health, and participant-reported outcomes. The overarching theme in her research is to better understand the individual, social, and environmental barriers and facilitators to health and well-being among individuals who have traditionally experienced disparities in overall health status and access to high quality health care.

Research Profile

Traci C. Green, PhD, MSc

Adjunct Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine; Adjunct Associate Professor of Epidemiology

Dr. Green's research focuses on drug abuse and addiction; specifically, the intersecting worlds of HIV infection and drug abuse, non-medical use of prescription drugs, corrections health, drug policy, and opioid overdose prevention and intervention. She studies drug abuse and addiction within a chronic disease framework, incorporating methods from epidemiology, psychology, statistics, and geography.

Research Profile

Jaclyn White Hughto, PhD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Behavioral and Social Sciences; Assistant Professor of Epidemiology

Dr. Hughto’s research aims to document the structural-, interpersonal-, and individual-level factors that contribute to health inequities for sexual and gender minorities and other marginalized populations; and develop and test community-based interventions to improve the health of at-risk communities.

Research Profile

Carolina L. Haass-Koffler, PharmD

Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior; Assistant Professor of Behavioral and Social Sciences

Dr. Haass-Koffler is a Translational Investigator who coalesces preclinical and clinical research towards examining biobehavioral mechanisms of addiction and developing novel medications. During her academic career, she has developed an interdisciplinary skill-set that is helping her to conceptualize and execute bench-to-bedside research and to facilitate the cross-talk between academia, NIH and the pharmaceutical industry.

Research Profile

Rosemarie A. Martin, PhD

Assistant Professor of Behavioral and Social Sciences

Dr. Martin's research interests include contingency management and motivational enhancement interventions, design and methodology in substance abuse research, outcomes evaluation, multivariate statistics, and modeling longitudinal data. Dr. Martin is PI of a 3-year SAMHSA-funded grant to implement expanded access to MAT for criminal justice involved individuals using an innovative strategy of Law Enforcement and Multidisciplinary Team Outreach. Dr. Martin serves as the Project Director/PI of the SAMHSA-funded Opioid Response Network (ORN) for New England. Dr. Martin also serves as the Co-Project Director of the SAMHSA-funded New England Addiction Technology Transfer Center (see Dr. Becker).

Research Profile

Brandon D. L. Marshall, PhD

Associate Professor of Epidemiology

Dr. Marshall is an Associate Professor of Epidemiology as well as the Scientific Director of PreventOverdoseRI, Rhode Island's drug overdose surveillance and information dashboard. In this role, he works closely with the Rhode Island Department of Health to track, measure, and evaluate efforts to address the state's opioid overdose epidemic. His research focuses on substance use epidemiology, infectious diseases, and the social, environmental, and structural determinants of health of urban populations. Dr. Marshall is also working to launch PROVIDENT, a project to identify Rhode Island communities most at risk of opioid overdose, and to study the efficacy of preventative methods in reducing overdose morbidity and mortality in these populations.

Research Profile

Matthew J. Mimiaga, ScD, MPH

Professor of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Professor of Epidemiology, Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior

Dr. Mimiaga’s research program focuses on interventions to decrease sexual risk in HIV primary and secondary prevention; biobehavioral interventions to enhance antiretroviral medication uptake and adherence; psychosocial treatment interventions for stimulant use disorder and concurrent HIV risk; infectious disease and psychiatric epidemiology; and global health research

Research Profile

Patience Moyo, PhD

Assistant Professor of Health Services, Policy and Practice

Dr. Moyo is a health services and policy researcher with interests in prescription drug (mis)use and overdose, management of chronic physical and psychiatric conditions, drug safety and effectiveness, and public health laws such as prescription drug monitoring programs. Her recent research addresses topics on epidemiology, quality of prescribing, and policy related to opioid analgesics using diverse data sources.

Research Profile

Josiah D. Rich, MD, MPH

Professor of Medicine, Professor of Epidemiology

Dr. Rich has been a practicing Infectious Disease Specialist at The Miriam Hospital Immunology Center providing clinical care for over 22 years. Dr. Rich’s research interests include the overlap between infectious diseases and addiction; incarcerated populations and public health opportunities in the criminal justice system; HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B and C, and sexually transmitted diseases; and global health.

Research Profile

Patricia M. Risica, DrPH

Associate Professor of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Associate Professor of Epidemiology

Professor Risica's research interests include obesity, nutritional epidemiology and eating behaviors; the influence of location of fat on the body with disease risk; breastfeeding; and diabetes, smoking cessation and avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke, heart disease and obesity, and early detection of melanoma. Her research interests encompass many aspects of intervention development and assessment of interventions in practical, community settings.

Research Profile

David A. Savitz, PhD

Associate Dean for Research, Professor of Epidemiology, Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Professor of Pediatrics

Dr. Savitz's research is focused on reproductive and environmental epidemiology. He has conducted studies of the causes of adverse pregnancy outcome, including miscarriage and preterm birth, as well as pregnancy complications, birth defects, and child health problems. His environmental interests include a wide range of chemical and physical exposures, including perfluorinated chemicals, pesticides, drinking water treatment by-products, and non-ionizing radiation.

Research Profile

Theresa I. Shireman, PhD

Professor of Health Services, Policy and Practice

Dr. Shireman specializes in pharmacoepidemiology and health economic evaluations. Her significant research achievements include 1) contributions to understanding how medications are used and to what effect in people who are on chronic dialysis, 2) development of a novel methodology to tracking medication exposure over time, 3) development of a bleeding risk prediction model for warfarin in older adult patients with atrial fibrillation, and 4) health economic evaluations of expensive therapeutic agents.

Research Profile

New England Addiction Technology Transfer Center

Principal Investigator: Dr. Sara Becker
Funding: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Years: 2017 – 2022

South Africa Addiction Technology Transfer Center

Principal Investigators: Dr. Sara Becker & Dr. Caroline Kuo
Funding: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
Years: 2017 – 2022

Implementing Contingency Management in Opioid Treatment Centers Across New England: A Type 3 Hybrid Trial

Principal Investigators: Dr. Sara Becker & Dr. Bryan Garner (of RTI International)
Funding: National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH
Years: 2017-2022

Opioid State Targeted Response Technical Assistance

Principal Investigators: Dr. Sara Becker & Dr. Rosemarie Martin
Funding: University of Missouri- Kansas City
Years: 2018-2020

MAT Expansion through Law Enforcement and Multidisciplinary Team Outreach

Principal Investigator: Dr. Rosemarie Martin
Funding: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Years: 2018-2021

 

Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) Expansion Evaluation

Principal Investigator: Dr. Rosemarie Martin
Funding: State of RI
Years: 2016-2020

Developing patient-level risk prediction models for prescription opioid overdose

Principal Investigator: Dr. Brandon Marshall
Funding: University of California, Davis
Years: 2017-2018

Comprehensive treatment for opioid use disorder among prisoners in Rhode Island

Principal Investigator: Dr. Brandon Marshall
Funding: Miriam Hospital
Years: 2018-2019

ED-based behavioral interventions following opioid overdose: The impact of peer navigation on treatment engagement, relapse, and recovery (The Navigator Trial)

Principal Investigator: Dr. Brandon Marshall
Funding: Rhode Island Hospital
Years: 2018-2019

COBRE Center on Opioids and Overdose

Principal Investigator: Dr. Josiah Rich
Funding: National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH
Years: 2018-2019

Banerjee, G., Edelman, E. J., Barry, D. T., Becker, W. C., Cerdá, M., Crystal, S., … Marshall, B. D. L. (2016). Non-medical use of prescription opioids is associated with heroin initiation among US veterans: a prospective cohort study. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 111(11), 2021–2031. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13491

Barry, D. T., Marshall, B. D. L., Becker, W. C., Gordon, A. J., Crystal, S., Kerns, R. D., … Edelman, E. J. (2018). Duration of opioid prescriptions predicts incident nonmedical use of prescription opioids among U.S. veterans receiving medical care. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 191, 348–354. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.07.008

Beaudoin, F. L. (2018). Combination of ibuprofen and acetaminophen is no different than low-dose opioid analgesic preparations in relieving short-term acute extremity pain. BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine, 23(5), 197–198. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjebm-2018-110912

Beaudoin, F. L., Janicki, A., Zhai, W., & Choo, E. K. (2018). Trends in opioid prescribing before and after implementation of an emergency department opioid prescribing policy. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 36(2), 329–331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2017.07.068

Becker, S. J., Kelly, L. M., Kang, A. W., Escobar, K. I., & Squires, D. D. (2018). Factors associated with contingency management adoption among opioid treatment providers receiving a comprehensive implementation strategy. Substance Abuse, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1455164

Beaudoin, F. L., & Rich, J. D. (2017). Opioid Prescribing by Emergency Physicians and Risk of Long-Term Use. The New England Journal of Medicine, 376(19), 1895–1896. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc1703338

Beaudoin, F. L., Gutman, R., Merchant, R. C., Clark, M. A., Swor, R. A., Jones, J. S., … McLean, S. A. (2017). Persistent pain after motor vehicle collision: comparative effectiveness of opioids vs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed from the emergency department-a propensity matched analysis. Pain, 158(2), 289–295. https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000756

Beaudoin, F. L., Merchant, R. C., & Clark, M. A. (2016). Prevalence and Detection of Prescription Opioid Misuse and Prescription Opioid Use Disorder Among Emergency Department Patients 50 Years of Age and Older: Performance of the Prescription Drug Use Questionnaire, Patient Version. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, 24(8), 627–636. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2016.03.010

Beaudoin, F. L., Banerjee, G. N., & Mello, M. J. (2016). State-level and system-level opioid prescribing policies: The impact on provider practices and overdose deaths, a systematic review. Journal of Opioid Management, 12(2), 109–118. https://doi.org/10.5055/jom.2016.0322

Beaudoin, F. L., Merchant, R. C., Janicki, A., McKaig, D. M., & Babu, K. M. (2015). Preventing iatrogenic overdose: a review of in-emergency department opioid-related adverse drug events and medication errors. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 65(4), 423–431. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.11.016

Beaudoin, F. L., Lin, C., Guan, W., & Merchant, R. C. (2014). Low-dose ketamine improves pain relief in patients receiving intravenous opioids for acute pain in the emergency department: results of a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial. Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 21(11), 1193–1202. https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.12510

Beaudoin, F. L., Straube, S., Lopez, J., Mello, M. J., & Baird, J. (2014). Prescription opioid misuse among ED patients discharged with opioids. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 32(6), 580–585. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2014.02.030

Beaudoin, F. L., Haran, J. P., & Liebmann, O. (2013). A comparison of ultrasound-guided three-in-one femoral nerve block versus parenteral opioids alone for analgesia in emergency department patients with hip fractures: a randomized controlled trial. Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 20(6), 584–591. https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.12154

Becker, S. J., Squires, D. D., Strong, D. R., Barnett, N. P., Monti, P. M., & Petry, N. M. (2016). Training opioid addiction treatment providers to adopt contingency management: A prospective pilot trial of a comprehensive implementation science approach. Substance Abuse, 37(1), 134–140. https://doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2015.1129524

Bernstein, M. H., Magill, M., Beaudoin, F. L., Becker, S. J., & Rich, J. D. (2018). Harnessing the placebo effect: a promising method for curbing the opioid crisis? Addiction (Abingdon, England), 113(11), 2144–2145. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14385

Bouvier, B. A., Waye, K. M., Elston, B., Hadland, S. E., Green, T. C., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2018). Prevalence and correlates of benzodiazepine use and misuse among young adults who use prescription opioids non-medically. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 183, 73–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.10.023

Bowman, S., McKenzie, M., & Rich, J. (2008). Overdose prevention: naloxone with long acting opioids. Medicine and Health, Rhode Island, 91(9), 271–272. PMID: 18834043

Brownstein, J. S., Green, T. C., Cassidy, T. A., & Butler, S. F. (2010). Geographic information systems and pharmacoepidemiology: using spatial cluster detection to monitor local patterns of prescription opioid abuse. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 19(6), 627–637. https://doi.org/10.1002/pds.1939

Carroll, J. J., Marshall, B. D. L., Rich, J. D., & Green, T. C. (2017). Exposure to fentanyl-contaminated heroin and overdose risk among illicit opioid users in Rhode Island: A mixed methods study. The International Journal on Drug Policy, 46, 136–145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2017.05.023

Cerdá, M., Santaella, J., Marshall, B. D. L., Kim, J. H., & Martins, S. S. (2015). Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use in Childhood and Early Adolescence Predicts Transitions to Heroin Use in Young Adulthood: A National Study. The Journal of Pediatrics, 167(3), 605-612.e1-2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.04.071

Donroe, J. H., Socias, M. E., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2018). The Deepening Opioid Crisis in North America: Historical Context and Current Solutions. Current Addiction Reports, 5(4), 454–463. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40429-018-0228-5

Evans, T. I., Hadland, S. E., Clark, M. A., Green, T. C., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2016). Factors associated with knowledge of a Good Samaritan Law among young adults who use prescription opioids non-medically. Harm Reduction Journal, 13(1), 24. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-016-0113-2

Evans, T. I., Liebling, E. J., Green, T. C., Hadland, S. E., Clark, M. A., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2017). Associations Between Physical Pain, Pain Management, and Frequency of Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Among Young Adults: A Sex-specific Analysis. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 11(4), 266–272. https://doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0000000000000318

Fink, D. S., Hu, R., Cerdá, M., Keyes, K. M., Marshall, B. D. L., Galea, S., & Martins, S. S. (2015). Patterns of major depression and nonmedical use of prescription opioids in the United States. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 153, 258–264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.05.010

Grau, L. E., Green, T. C., Torban, M., Blinnikova, K., Krupitsky, E., Ilyuk, R., … Heimer, R. (2009). Psychosocial and contextual correlates of opioid overdose risk among drug users in St. Petersburg, Russia. Harm Reduction Journal, 6(1), 17. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-6-17

Green, T. C., Grimes Serrano, J. M., Licari, A., Budman, S. H., & Butler, S. F. (2009). Women Who Abuse Prescription Opioids: Findings from the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version® Connect Prescription Opioid Database. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 103(1–2), 65–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.03.014

Green, T. C., Grau, L. E., Carver, H. W., Kinzly, M., & Heimer, R. (2011). Epidemiologic trends and geographic patterns of fatal opioid intoxications in Connecticut, USA: 1997 – 2007. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 115(3), 221–228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.11.007

Green, T. C., Heimer, R., & Grau, L. E. (2008). Distinguishing signs of opioid overdose and indication for naloxone: an evaluation of six overdose training and naloxone distribution programs in the United States. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 103(6), 979–989. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02182.x

Hadland, S. E., Cerdá, M., Li, Y., Krieger, M. S., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2018). Association of Pharmaceutical Industry Marketing of Opioid Products to Physicians With Subsequent Opioid Prescribing. JAMA Internal Medicine, 178(6), 861–863. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1999

Hadland, S. E., Cerdá, M., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2018). Reduced Opioid Marketing Could Limit Prescribing Information for Physicians-Reply. JAMA Internal Medicine, 178(10), 1426–1427. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4366

Helseth, S. A., Janssen, T., Scott, K., Squires, D. D., & Becker, S. J. (2018). Training community-based treatment providers to implement contingency management for opioid addiction: Time to and frequency of adoption. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 95, 26–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2018.09.004

Henderson, A. W., Babu, K. M., Merchant, R. C., & Beaudoin, F. L. (2015). Prescription Opioid Use and Misuse Among Older Adult Rhode Island Hospital Emergency Department Patients. Rhode Island Medical Journal (2013), 98(3), 28–31. PMID: 26056833

Krieger, M. S., Yedinak, J. L., Buxton, J. A., Lysyshyn, M., Bernstein, E., Rich, J. D., … Marshall, B. D. L. (2018). High willingness to use rapid fentanyl test strips among young adults who use drugs. Harm Reduction Journal, 15(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0213-2

Liebling, E. J., Green, T. C., Hadland, S. E., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2018). Injection drug use and overdose among young adults who use prescription opioids non-medically. Addictive Behaviors, 76, 20–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.07.017

Liebling, E. J., Yedinak, J. L., Green, T. C., Hadland, S. E., Clark, M. A., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2016). Access to substance use treatment among young adults who use prescription opioids non-medically. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 11(1), 38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-016-0082-1

Macmadu, A., Carroll, J. J., Hadland, S. E., Green, T. C., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of fentanyl-contaminated heroin exposure among young adults who use prescription opioids non-medically. Addictive Behaviors, 68, 35–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.01.014

Marshall, B. D. L., Green, T. C., Elston, B., Yedinak, J. L., Hadland, S. E., & Clark, M. A. (2018). The Effectiveness of Internet- and Field-Based Methods to Recruit Young Adults Who Use Prescription Opioids Nonmedically. Substance Use & Misuse, 53(10), 1688–1699. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2018.1425725

Marshall, B. D. L., Green, T. C., Elston, B., Yedinak, J. L., Hadland, S. E., & Clark, M. A. (2018). The Effectiveness of Internet- and Field-Based Methods to Recruit Young Adults Who Use Prescription Opioids Nonmedically. Substance Use & Misuse, 53(10), 1688–1699. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2018.1425725

Marshall, B. D. L., Green, T. C., Yedinak, J. L., & Hadland, S. E. (2016). Harm reduction for young people who use prescription opioids extra-medically: Obstacles and opportunities. The International Journal on Drug Policy, 31, 25–31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.01.022

Martins, S. S., Santaella-Tenorio, J., Marshall, B. D. L., Maldonado, A., & Cerdá, M. (2015). Racial/ethnic differences in trends in heroin use and heroin-related risk behaviors among nonmedical prescription opioid users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 151, 278–283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.03.020

McKenzie, M., Zaller, N., Dickman, S. L., Green, T. C., Parihk, A., Friedmann, P. D., & Rich, J. D. (2012). A Randomized Trial of Methadone Initiation Prior to Release from Incarceration. Substance Abuse, 33(1), 19–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2011.609446

McKenzie, M., Nunn, A., Zaller, N. D., Bazazi, A. R., & Rich, J. D. (2009). Overcoming obstacles to implementing methadone maintenance therapy for prisoners: implications for policy and practice. Journal of Opioid Management, 5(4), 219–227. PMCID: PMC2936228

McKenzie, M., Macalino, G., McClung, C., Shield, D. C., & Rich, J. D. (2005). Opiate replacement therapy at time of release from incarceration: Project MOD, a pilot program. Journal of Opioid Management, 1(3), 147–151. PMID: 17315418

Moyo, P., Simoni-Wastila, L., Griffin, B. A., Onukwugha, E., Harrington, D., Alexander, G. C., & Palumbo, F. (2017). Impact of prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) on opioid utilization among Medicare beneficiaries in 10 US States. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 112(10), 1784–1796. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13860

Moyo, P., Zhao, X., Thorpe, C. T., Thorpe, J. M., Sileanu, F. E., Cashy, J. P., … Gellad, W. F. (2018). Patterns of opioid prescriptions received prior to unintentional prescription opioid overdose death among Veterans. Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2018.10.023

Nosyk, B., Marshall, B. D. L., Fischer, B., Montaner, J. S. G., Wood, E., & Kerr, T. (2012). Increases in the availability of prescribed opioids in a Canadian setting. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 126(1–2), 7–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.03.010

Rich, J. D., Green, T. C., & McKenzie, M. S. (2011). Opioids and deaths. The New England Journal of Medicine, 364(7), 686. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc1014490

Rigler, S. K., Shireman, T. I., & Kallenbach, L. (2007). Predictors of long-acting opioid use and oral versus transdermal route among older medicaid beneficiaries. The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, 5(2), 91–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjopharm.2007.05.002

Samuels, E. A., Bernstein, S. L., Marshall, B. D. L., Krieger, M., Baird, J., & Mello, M. J. (2018). Peer navigation and take-home naloxone for opioid overdose emergency department patients: Preliminary patient outcomes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 94, 29–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2018.07.013

Schwartz, R. P., McKenzie, M., & Rich, J. D. (2007). Opioid addiction and incarceration: an overview. Medicine and Health, Rhode Island, 90(5), 157–158. PMID: 17557660

Soipe, A. I., Taylor, L. E., Abioye, A. I., Green, T. C., Hadland, S. E., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2018). Prevalence of Hepatitis C Screening, Testing, and Care Experience Among Young Adults Who Use Prescription Opioids Nonmedically. The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 62(1), 114–117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.07.018

Waye, K. M., Goyer, J., Dettor, D., Mahoney, L., Samuels, E. A., Yedinak, J. L., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2019). Implementing peer recovery services for overdose prevention in Rhode Island: An examination of two outreach-based approaches. Addictive Behaviors, 89, 85–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.09.027

Waye, K. M., Yedinak, J. L., Koziol, J., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2018). Action-focused, plain language communication for overdose prevention: A qualitative analysis of Rhode Island’s overdose surveillance and information dashboard. The International Journal on Drug Policy, 62, 86–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.08.010

Yedinak, J. L., Kinnard, E. N., Hadland, S. E., Green, T. C., Clark, M. A., & Marshall, B. D. L. (2016). Social context and perspectives of non-medical prescription opioid use among young adults in Rhode Island: A qualitative study. The American Journal on Addictions, 25(8), 659–665. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajad.12466

Yokell, M. A., Green, T. C., Bowman, S., McKenzie, M., & Rich, J. D. (2011). Opioid Overdose Prevention and Naloxone Distribution in Rhode Island. Medicine and Health, Rhode Island, 94(8), 240–242. PMID: 21913619

Zaller, N. D., Fu, J. J., Bazazi, A. R., & Rich, J. D. (2010). The impact of financial discharge from methadone maintenance therapy on incarceration. Journal of Opioid Management, 6(5), 365–370.

PMCID: PMC3028516

Zaller, N. D., Thurmond, P., Brett, J., Carleton, J. C., & Rich, J. D. (2006). Linkage to methadone treatment from acute opiate detoxification treatment. Journal of Opioid Management, 2(6), 341–346.

Masters in Public Health

Liebling, Elliott Joseph Krengel, "Regular misuse of buprenorphine and methadone among young adults who use prescription opioids non-medically. Injection drug use and overdose among young adults who use prescription opioids non-medically." (2017). Public Health Theses and Dissertations. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library. https://doi.org/10.7301/Z0MC8XGX

Sanchez, Kelly C., "Fatal Overdoses in Hispanic/Latino Neighborhoods throughout Rhode Island" (2018).Public Health Theses and Dissertations. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library.https://repository.library.brown.edu/studio/item/bdr:792762/

Waye, Katherine Mary, "Action-Focused, Plain Language Communication for Overdose Prevention: A Qualitative Analysis of Rhode Island’s Overdose Surveillance and Information Dashboard" (2018). Public Health Theses and Dissertations. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library.https://repository.library.brown.edu/studio/item/bdr:792730/