Access to the Web and the information available on it should be available to all regardless of disability status.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires basic levels of accessibility in web pages for people with various dsabilities.
"...the (ADA and ) Rehabilitation Act of 1973 generally require that state and local governments provide qualified individuals with disabilities equal access to their programs, services, or activities unless doing so would fundamentally alter the nature of their programs, services, or activities or would impose an undue burden."
Some basic functions that the ADA suggests for web accessibility include:
- Include a text equivalent for every image
- Use text-based file types for documents such as: .txt, .htm and .rtf
- Provide controls for users to select the colors that they see best on web pages
- Include captions or descriptions with all video content
- Include a "Skip to Main Content" link at the top of each page
- Use title and header formatting to provide structure to pages for easier navigation
- Minimize blinking or otherwise distracting features
- Online forms should include tags to describe form fields
- Visual notifications for any sounds that play automatically
Brown Technology Accessibility Guidelines
For more information about ADA web accessibility see the following links:
- ADA Tookit for Web Accessibility: http://www.ada.gov/pcatoolkit/chap5toolkit.htm
- W3C Web Standards: http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG/
- Wave Accessibility Checker: http://wave.webaim.org/
- AMP Accessibility Checker: https://amp.ssbbartgroup.com/express?keyword=wcag+2.0&lead_source=Tools+-+WCAG&campaignID=701000000009L3e&adID=1016